- Parenti, P. and J.E. Randall 2000 An annotated checklist of the species of the labroid fish families Labridae and Scaridae. Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. (68):1-97. (Ref. 35918)
- Randall, J.E. 1997 Randall's tank photos. Collection of 10,000 large-format photos (slides) of dead fishes. Unpublished. (Ref. 28618)
Habitat and Ecology
Life History and Behavior
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
Only eight individuals have been observed during a study at Mangrove Bay, Egypt (Lange 2006) and it has been recorded with a low relative abundance of 0.04 per 100 m2 and 0.1-1 per 100 m2 at the south of Eilat and nature reserve of Eilat, Israel respectively (Rilov and Benayahu 1998, Rilov and Benayahu 2000).