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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found solitary (Ref. 90102) in lagoon and sheltered seaward reefs in coral rich areas (Ref. 1602, 58652). Possibly to 120 m depths. Young is more inshore on sheltered reef crests or slopes, usually amongst soft corals or stinging hydrozoans (Ref. 48635). Feeds on hard-shelled mollusks, crustaceans, and sea urchins (Ref. 27550). The species is observed to swim with a group of goatfish and change its color to resemble these fish, it then darts out from the group to catch small fish (Ref. 2334). This species curiously approaches divers closely (Ref. 90102).
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Distribution

Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Natal (South Africa), Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Wake Atoll and Gambier Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia and Tonga.
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Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Marshall Islands and Samoa.
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Natal (South Africa), Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Wake Atoll and Gambier Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia and Tonga.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 8 - 11
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Size

Maximum size: 400 mm SL
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Maximum size: 400 mm SL
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Max. size

40.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9823))
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Diagnostic Description

Differs from the very similar C. unifasciatus by always lacking the white bar in front of the caudal base as well as the area clear of red streaks extending from the eye to just above the pectoral axis (Ref. 1602).
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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 106 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 63 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.55 - 57
  Temperature range (°C): 24.633 - 29.205
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.019 - 2.007
  Salinity (PPS): 32.019 - 35.547
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.130 - 4.851
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.055 - 0.415
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.810 - 7.448

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.55 - 57

Temperature range (°C): 24.633 - 29.205

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.019 - 2.007

Salinity (PPS): 32.019 - 35.547

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.130 - 4.851

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.055 - 0.415

Silicate (umol/l): 0.810 - 7.448
 
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Environment

reef-associated; brackish; marine; depth range 3 - 60 m (Ref. 90102)
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Depth: 3 - 50m.
From 3 to 50 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Depth range based on 106 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 63 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.55 - 57
  Temperature range (°C): 24.633 - 29.205
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.019 - 2.007
  Salinity (PPS): 32.019 - 35.547
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.130 - 4.851
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.055 - 0.415
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.810 - 7.448

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.55 - 57

Temperature range (°C): 24.633 - 29.205

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.019 - 2.007

Salinity (PPS): 32.019 - 35.547

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.130 - 4.851

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.055 - 0.415

Silicate (umol/l): 0.810 - 7.448
 
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Depth: 3 - 30m.
From 3 to 30 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated. Cheilinus diagrammus = Cheeklined wrasse.  (Lacepede, 1801)  Colour reddish-brown to olivaceous, sometimes with broad white stripes on body; seven to nine diagonal maroon lines on cheek nearly at right angles to diagonal orange-red lines passing anteriorly and posteriorly from eye. Head and most of caudal fin of adults green; ability to assume a broad striped pattern. Attains 30 cm. Feeds in part on fishes. Inhabits singly coral rich laggons and sheltered seaward reefs. East Africa, to Micronesia and Samoa.
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Trophic Strategy

Occurs inshore (Ref. 75154).
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Diseases and Parasites

Transversotrema Infestation 2. Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Oxycheilinus digramma

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 13 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CACCCTCTACCTTGTTTTTGGTGCCTGAGCTGGGATAGTGGGCACAGCCCTAAGCTTGCTTATTCGAGCAGAACTCAGTCAACCAGGAGCTCTTCTTGGAGACGACCAGATTTATAATGTAATCGTTACCGCCCATGCCTTCGTTATGATTTTCTTTATAGTAATGCCAATCATAATTGGAGGCTTTGGGAACTGACTTATTCCGTTAATGGTGGGAGCCCCCGATATGGCCTTCCCTCGGATAAACAATATGAGTTTCTGACTTCTACCCCCATCTTTCCTTCTCCTACTTGCCTCTTCTGGGGTAGAAGCAGGTGCCGGTACTGGATGAACAGTTTACCCCCCACTAGCGGGGAACTTAGCCCACGCCGGTGCGTCCGTAGACCTTACAATTTTCTCCCTGCACTTAGCAGGGATTTCCTCAATTCTGGGGGCCATCAATTTCATTACTACTATTATTAATATGAAGCCCCCCGCCATCACTCAGTACCAGACACCTCTGTTCGTATGGGCAGTCCTAATTACTGCAGTCCTCCTTCTCCTTTCTCTCCCTGTTTTGGCCGCTGGGATTACAATGCTCTTAACAGACCGCAACCTAAATACTACTTTCTTCGACCCGGCCGGTGGTGGGGACCCAATCCTCTACCAACATCTA
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Oxycheilinus digramma

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 6
Specimens with Barcodes: 17
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Genomic DNA is available from 1 specimen with morphological vouchers housed at Museum of Tropical Queensland
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Conservation

Threats

Least Concern (LC)
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial; price category: very high; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family
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Wikipedia

Cheek-lined wrasse

The cheek-lined wrasse, Oxycheilinus digramma, is a species of wrasse native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean. It is of minor importance to local commercial fisheries and can also be found in the aquarium trade. The fish grows to about 40 cm (16 in) in standard length. The side of the fish's head has horizontal stripes, while the front of the head has red spots. Coloring of the fish varies from pale gray to purple. Aquarium specimens are less tense than their wild counterparts.[2]

Oxycheilinus digramma lives in coral reefs, sheltered inland areas, and lagoons, possibly at depths from 3 to 60 m (9.8 to 196.9 ft).[3] This species eats sea urchins, molluscs, and crustaceans. It uses other fish as a moving blind to approach its prey.[2]

Common Name[edit]

The common name is Cheeklined wrasse.

Habitat[edit]

They were found in salt water.

Dispersion[edit]

The area of dispersion is Andaman Sea.

Utilization[edit]

They were used for Fishery: Small Trading; Aquarium: Trade

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liu, M. & To, A. 2010. Oxycheilinus digramma. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 14 November 2013.
  2. ^ a b Michael, Scott (March 2004). "Aquarium Fish: The Cheeklined Maori Wrasse, Cheilinus diagrammus". Advanced Aquarist. Retrieved 6 August 2011. 
  3. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Oxycheilinus digramma" in FishBase. August 2013 version.

External Link[edit]

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