Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is endemic to Brazil and is found from Maranhao to Santa Catarina, including St. Pauls rocks, Fernando de Noronha, Trindade Island, and Atol das Rocas.
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Brazil and St. Paul's Rocks.
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Southwest Atlantic: endemic to Brazil from Recife Manuel Luis in the North to São Paulo State (Ref. 89896).
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Physical Description

Type Information

Paratype for Clepticus brasiliensis Heiser et al.
Catalog Number: USNM 350959
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): R. Moura
Year Collected: 1992
Locality: Brasil, Sao Paulo, Arquipelago Dos Alcatrazes, Sao Paulo, Brazil, Atlantic
Depth (m): 8 to 8
  • Paratype: Heiser, J. B., et al. 2000. Aqua: Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology. 4 (2): 71.
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Paratype for Clepticus brasiliensis Heiser et al.
Catalog Number: USNM 350958
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): R. Moura
Year Collected: 1992
Locality: Brasil, Sao Paulo, Arquipelago Dos Alcatrazes, Sao Paulo, Brazil, Atlantic
Depth (m): 8 to 8
  • Paratype: Heiser, J. B., et al. 2000. Aqua: Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology. 4 (2): 71.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species is found to depths of 60 m, and is associated with reefs. Adults form large schools and feed on plankton from mid-water (10-20 m), while juveniles form large schools and are found closer to reefs. It occurs in large aggregations along the coast especially in offshore mid-shelf reefs.This species is a schooling plankton feeder.

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 5 - 25 m (Ref. 58047)
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Depth range based on 4 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 8 - 22.5
  Temperature range (°C): 22.954 - 22.954
  Nitrate (umol/L): 1.572 - 1.572
  Salinity (PPS): 35.961 - 35.961
  Oxygen (ml/l): 5.038 - 5.038
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.257 - 0.257
  Silicate (umol/l): 4.502 - 4.502

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 8 - 22.5
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Choat, J.H., Rocha, L., Ferreira, C.E., Francini-Filho, R. & Moura, R.R.

Reviewer/s
Sadovy, Y. & Carpenter, K.E.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is relatively widespread in Brazil, and is common in many of parts of its range. There are no major threats known to this species. It is listed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
There is no population information available for this species. This species forms large aggregations along the coast especially in offshore mid-shelf reefs. It is common in many places throughout its range, but it is rare at St Pauls rocks (Feitoza et al 2003).

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no major threats known for this species.
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Least Concern (LC)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no species specific conservation measures. However, this species distribution overlaps a number of Marine Protected Areas within its range.
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