IUCN threat status:

Data Deficient (DD)

Comprehensive Description

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  Common names: salema (English), chula (Espanol), salema (Espanol)
Xenichthys rupestris Hildebrand, 1946

Peruvian salema

Elongate, compressed; head conical, compressed; eyes large round, not vertical ovals; chin with 2 pairs of pores, rear pores larger, well separated, not in a hole; mouth short, oblique, lower jaw projecting; teeth minute, in bands on jaws, on roof of mouth; margin of preopercle finely serrated dorsal fin - spiny and soft parts almost separate, XI, I, longest spine not reaching second dorsal, 17-18 rays, soft fin with longer base than spiny fin; pectoral short, no reaching level of anus; tail shallowly forked; anal - III small spines, 17-18 rays; soft part similar in size and form to soft dorsal; lateral-line scales 65-70.

Grey, 3 broad stripes along midflank and upper back, lowest one expanded into spot on tail base.

        Size: 30 cm.

Habitat: sandy bottoms.

Depth: 0-10 m?

        Colombia to central Peru.


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© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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