Comprehensive Description

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  Common names: sanddab (English), lenguado (Espanol)
Citharichthys xanthostigma Gilbert, 1890

Longfin sanddab

Body elongate, height 43-48% of SL; head blunt, short, 29-31% of SL; eyes on left side,  large, close together, front edge lower a little before front edge upper eye; mouth medium length, 31-33% of head length ends under front ½ of lower eye; blind side jaws not arched; teeth ~ equally developed on both sides of jaws, in 1 series of immovable teeth on each jaw, no canines but front teeth a little enlarged; gill rakers slender, long,  17-18 lower rakers; 79-89 dorsal rays; 61-69 anal rays; eye side pectoral longer than head, pointed; base of eye side pelvic on midline of body; urinary papilla on blind side, immediately behind anus; eye-side lateral line ~ straight, from edge of opercle to tail base; scales rough,  50 lateral line scales.

Eye side light olive-brown to dark brown, speckled with orange and white; row of ocelli (yellow center, blackish-brown border) along lateral line and 2 rows between it and each edge of body, lower rows paired, pectoral with faint dusky crossbars to black; blind side pale.

Size: 25 cm.

Habitat: sandy bottoms.

Depth: 2-200 m.

Southern California to central Baja.


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© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system.

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System


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