Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Adults are commonly found on outer continental shelf reefs. They primarily feed on zooplankton while common in the diet of larger predators like snappers and groupers (Ref. 96848).
  • Anderson, W.D. Jr. and P.C. Heemstra 1980 Two new species of Western Atlantic Anthias (Pisces: Serranidae), redescription of A. asperilinguis and review of Holanthias martinicensis. Copeia 1980(1):72-87. (Ref. 34841)
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Distribution

Western Atlantic.
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Western Atlantic: Florida, USA and Bermuda through the Greater Antilles to Rio Grande, Brazil (Ref. 47377).
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13 - 16; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 7 - 8; Vertebrae: 26
  • Uyeno, T., K. Matsuura and E. Fujii (eds.) 1983 Fishes trawled off Suriname and French Guiana. Japan Marine Fishery Resource Research Center, Tokyo, Japan. 519 p. (Ref. 13608)
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Size

Max. size

20.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251)); max. reported age: 15 years (Ref. 96848)
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
  • McBride, R.S., K.J. Sulak, P.E. Thurman and A.K. Richardson 2009 Age, growth, mortality, and reproduction of roughtounge bass, Pronotogrammus martinicensis (Serranidae), in the Northeastern Gulf of Mexico. Gulf Mex. Sci. 27(1):30-38. (Ref. 96848)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 65 - 230 m (Ref. 34841)
  • Anderson, W.D. Jr. and P.C. Heemstra 1980 Two new species of Western Atlantic Anthias (Pisces: Serranidae), redescription of A. asperilinguis and review of Holanthias martinicensis. Copeia 1980(1):72-87. (Ref. 34841)
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Depth range based on 19 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 10 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 62 - 400
  Temperature range (°C): 11.452 - 23.714
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.495 - 15.966
  Salinity (PPS): 34.971 - 36.754
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.515 - 5.029
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.046 - 0.981
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.908 - 10.022

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 62 - 400

Temperature range (°C): 11.452 - 23.714

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.495 - 15.966

Salinity (PPS): 34.971 - 36.754

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.515 - 5.029

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.046 - 0.981

Silicate (umol/l): 0.908 - 10.022
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Are monandric (males are secondary), protogynous hermaphrodites. About 50% of females transform into males at 7.63 cm SL and 1.0 yr of age (Ref. 96848). During the spawning period, oocytes are found to be in different stages of development indicating asynchronous oocyte development and indeterminate fecundity (Ref. 96848).
  • McBride, R.S., K.J. Sulak, P.E. Thurman and A.K. Richardson 2009 Age, growth, mortality, and reproduction of roughtounge bass, Pronotogrammus martinicensis (Serranidae), in the Northeastern Gulf of Mexico. Gulf Mex. Sci. 27(1):30-38. (Ref. 96848)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Pronotogrammus martinicensis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 20
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of no interest
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