Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

  Common names: pompano (English), pámpano (Espanol)
 
Trachinotus paitensis Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1832

Paloma pompano


Body an elongate, compressed oblong; snout rounded; top jaw extendible; jaw teeth, if present, in narrow bands; gill rakers (excluding rudiments) short 10-16;  dorsal fin with VI short, stout, semi-isolated spines (1st  often imbedded) before main part of fin; dorsal rays VI + I, 24-27; anal rays II + I, 21-25; dorsal & anal fins without isolated finlets behind, with short pointed lobes at front; base of anal about same length as that of soft dorsal; pectoral fin < head length; tail base without notches above & below;  lateral line straight; no scutes (hard, spiny scales) on lateral line; body scales oval.


Silvery, greenish or bluish on upper back and white on belly; without black mark on inner pectoral base.



Maximum size to at least 51 cm, common to 30 cm.

Habitat: demersal on sandy bottoms.

Depth: 0-25 m.

Baja and the Gulf of California to Chile, and the Galapagos and Malpelo.
   
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Biology

Found in coastal waters, usually forming schools (Ref. 9283). Usually in shallow inshore sandy areas. Feeds on mollusks, crustaceans, other invertebrates and small fishes (Ref. 9283). Excellent for human consumption.
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Distribution

Range Description

This tropical eastern Pacific species is found from southern California and the Gulf of California to Chile, including the Galapagos and Malpelo islands.
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Zoogeography

See Map (including site records) of Distribution in the Tropical Eastern Pacific 
 
Global Endemism: All species, East Pacific endemic, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic

Regional Endemism: All species, TEP endemic, Continent + Island (s), Continent, Island (s)

Residency: Resident

Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California), Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap), Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos), Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo), South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
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Eastern Pacific: Redondo Beach in southern California, USA to Peru, including the Galapagos Islands.
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Eastern Pacific.
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Depth

Depth Range (m): 0 (S) - 25 (S)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Size

Length max (cm): 51.0 (S)
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Size

Maximum size: 510 mm TL
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Max. size

51.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850))
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Diagnostic Description

Body deep (less so with age) and strongly compressed; mouth small; jaw teeth small, villiform, and only slightly hooked, disappearing with age; lower branch of first gill arch with 8 to 10 gill rakers; dorsal fin with 6 spines followed by another spine and 24 to 27 soft rays (VI+I, 24-27); upper third of body dark; belly white; flanks with golden highlights; no distinctive marks (Ref. 55763).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This benthopelagic species is found in coastal waters, usually forming schools (Smith-Vaniz 1995), and usually in shallow inshore sandy habitats. It feeds on mollusks, crustaceans, other invertebrates, as well as small fishes (Smith-Vaniz 1995). This species is found to 25m.

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

benthopelagic; marine
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Depth range based on 34 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 5 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1 - 20
  Temperature range (°C): 20.376 - 21.311
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.133 - 0.264
  Salinity (PPS): 34.228 - 34.249
  Oxygen (ml/l): 5.018 - 5.091
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.352 - 0.397
  Silicate (umol/l): 3.264 - 3.341

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1 - 20

Temperature range (°C): 20.376 - 21.311

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.133 - 0.264

Salinity (PPS): 34.228 - 34.249

Oxygen (ml/l): 5.018 - 5.091

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.352 - 0.397

Silicate (umol/l): 3.264 - 3.341
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Salinity: Marine, Brackish

Inshore/Offshore: Inshore, Inshore Only

Water Column Position: Near Bottom, Bottom, Bottom + water column

Habitat: Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove), Soft bottom only, Sand & gravel, Beach

FishBase Habitat: Bentho-Pelagic
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Trophic Strategy

Feeding

Feeding Group: Carnivore

Diet: mobile benthic worms, mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs), mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves, bony fishes
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Life History and Behavior

Reproduction

Egg Type: Pelagic, Pelagic larva
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Trachinotus paitensis

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Trachinotus paitensis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Smith-Vaniz, B, Robertson, R. & Dominici-Arosemena, A.

Reviewer/s
Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B. & Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is widespread in the tropical eastern Pacific. There are no major threats to this species, and no current indication of widespread population decline. It is listed as Least Concern.
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IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed

CITES: Not listed
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Population

Population
There is no population information available for this species.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no major threats known for this species.


This species is caught incidentally and in artisanal fisheries. It is an excellent food for human consumption (Smith-Vaniz 1995).
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Least Concern (LC)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known species specific conservation measures. However, this species' distribution includes a number of Marine Protected Areas in the tropical eastern Pacific region.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; price category: medium; price reliability: questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this genus
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