Overview

Distribution

Western Pacific: Philippines and Gulf of Thailand.
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Eastern Indian Ocean and Western Pacific: Andaman Sea and Gulf of Thailand to Philippines.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Vertebrae: 124 - 127
  • Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann 2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research. (Ref. 90102)
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Size

Maximum size: 501 mm TL
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Max. size

50.1 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 27470)); 44.2 cm TL (female)
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Diagnostic Description

Description: Characterized by white to pale yellow color; 13-14 dark brown bars extending onto dorsal and anal fins; brown spots on head and in pale interspaces on body; body depth at gill opening 14-20; origin of dorsal fin above or slightly anterior to gill opening; anus anterior to middle of body; preanal length 2.2-2.3 in TL; short and conical snout, rounded anterior profile; single row of teeth on side of upper jaw (smaller individuals with inner row of 1-3 large teeth); finely serrate teeth on basal half (Ref 90102).
  • Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann 2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research. (Ref. 90102)
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Type Information

Paratype for Gymnothorax annulatus Smith & Bohlke
Catalog Number: USNM 343861
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): L. Alcala, G. Hendler & L. Knapp
Year Collected: 1978
Locality: Philippine Islands, Visayan Sea between Northern Negros and Masbate Island, southeast Tanguingui I., Philippines, Pacific
Depth (m): 69.5
Vessel: Sting Ray V
  • Paratype: Smith, D. G. & Bohlke, E. B. 31 Oct 1997 . Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 148: 179, fig. 3.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 0 - 81 m (Ref. 58018)
  • Bogutskaya, N.G. 2007 Preliminary assignment of coordinates to type localities in the Catalog of Fishes. Unpublished dbf file. (Ref. 58018)
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 69.5 - 69.5
  Temperature range (°C): 25.857 - 25.857
  Nitrate (umol/L): 3.610 - 3.610
  Salinity (PPS): 34.451 - 34.451
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.008 - 4.008
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.392 - 0.392
  Silicate (umol/l): 4.097 - 4.097
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 0 - 80m.
Recorded at 80 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Wikipedia

Ringed moray

The ringed moray, Gymnothorax annulatus, is a moray eel found in the western Pacific Ocean, around the Philippines and Thailand.[1] It was first named by D. G. Smith and E. B.Böhlke in 1997.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gymnothorax annulatus at www.fishbase.org.
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