Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Usually found in coastal waters and harbors within its range. Important as food for larger commercial fishes (Ref. 9760). Used as bait in the tuna fishery (Ref. 6822).
  • Ivantsoff, W. 1984 Atherinidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3302)
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Distribution

Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Tuamotu Archipelago, south to Western Australia and New Caledonia.
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Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and Delagoa Bay, Mozambique (Ref. 4125) to the Cook Islands, north to the Caroline Islands, south to Queensland, Australia.
  • Myers, R.F. 1999 Micronesian reef fishes: a comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia, 3rd revised and expanded edition. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 330 p. (Ref. 37816)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 6 - 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8 - 10; Analspines: 1; Analsoft rays: 11 - 14
  • Ivantsoff, W. and L.E.L.M. Crowley 1999 Atherinidae. Silversides (or hardyheads). p. 2113-2139. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9760)
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Size

Maximum size: 120 mm TL
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Max. size

12.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4125))
  • Ivantsoff, W. 1986 Atherinidae. p. 381-383. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4125)
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Diagnostic Description

Transparent and blue-green in color, silvery midlateral stripe and abdomen (Ref. 4125). Ascending process of premaxilla moderately long and narrow, lateral process short and wide. Ramus of dentary highly elevated posteriorly. Midlateral band narrow (Ref. 9760). Two rows of pigment spots may be present below lateral band (Ref. 37816).Description: Characterized by having 16-18 predorsal scales; body depth 5.6-6.9 in SL; large eye, about 3.0 in head length; upper haw just reaching vertical at front edge of eye; jaws and roof of mouth (palatines and mesopterygoids) with small teeth (Ref. 90102).
  • Ivantsoff, W. and L.E.L.M. Crowley 1999 Atherinidae. Silversides (or hardyheads). p. 2113-2139. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9760)
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Description

Usually found in coastal waters and harbors within its range. Important as food for larger commercial fishes (Ref. 9760). Used as bait in the tuna fishery (Ref. 6822).
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine
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Depth range based on 25 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 17 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 969
  Temperature range (°C): 27.134 - 29.003
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.050 - 0.580
  Salinity (PPS): 32.019 - 35.204
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.202 - 4.704
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.087 - 0.415
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.073 - 5.552

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 969

Temperature range (°C): 27.134 - 29.003

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.050 - 0.580

Salinity (PPS): 32.019 - 35.204

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.202 - 4.704

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.087 - 0.415

Silicate (umol/l): 1.073 - 5.552
 
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Trophic Strategy

Feeds on zooplankton, benthic animals and fish (Ref. 275).
  • Hiatt, R.W. and D.W. Strasburg 1960 Ecological relationships of the fish fauna on coral reefs of the Marshall Islands. Ecol. Monogr. 30(1):65-127. (Ref. 275)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Hypoatherina temminckii

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: subsistence fisheries; bait: usually
  • Lewis, A.D., B.R. Smith and C.P. Ellway 1983 A guide to the common tuna baitfishes of the South Pacific Commission area. South Pacific Commission, Handbook No. 23, Noumea, New Caledonia. (Ref. 6822)
  • Ivantsoff, W. 1984 Atherinidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3302)
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Disclaimer

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