Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Associated with floating Sargassum (Ref. 4509). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).
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Distribution

Maine, southward to the northern coast of Columbia; in the Gulf of Mexico, western Caribbean Sea, and the Antilles
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Western Atlantic north of equator.
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Western Atlantic: Maine (USA), Bermuda and northern Gulf of Mexico to Argentina. Nova Scotia, Antilles, western Caribbean from Yucatan to Colombia (Ref. 26938). Taxonomic status of the eastern Atlantic population (from Mauritania to Gabon) needs further study and records from Cape of Good Hope, South Africa and the Indo-Pacific area require confirmation (Ref. 4509).
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Western Atlantic: Maine (USA), Bermuda and northern Gulf of Mexico to Argentina. Nova Scotia, Antilles, western Caribbean from Yucatan to Colombia . Records from Cape of Good Hope, South Africa and the Indo-Pacific area require confirmation. Also, there are some taxonomic issues to be resolved.
  • Bigelow, H. B. and Schroeder, W. C., 1953; Dawson, C. E., 1990; Smith, C. L., 1997.
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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal soft rays (total): 2831
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Size

Maximum size: 181 mm SL
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Max. size

18.1 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4509))
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to 18.1 cm SL (male/unsexed).
  • Bigelow, H. B. and Schroeder, W. C., 1953; Dawson, C. E., 1990; Smith, C. L., 1997.
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Diagnostic Description

Slender, long snout (1.4-1.7 in head length) (Ref. 26938).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat Type: Marine

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nektonic
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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associated with floating Sargassum
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Environment

pelagic-neritic; marine
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Depth range based on 21 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 7 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 3767
  Temperature range (°C): 4.226 - 26.764
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.394 - 33.242
  Salinity (PPS): 34.989 - 36.442
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.516 - 5.209
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.120 - 1.936
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.608 - 25.869

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 3767

Temperature range (°C): 4.226 - 26.764

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.394 - 33.242

Salinity (PPS): 34.989 - 36.442

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.516 - 5.209

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.120 - 1.936

Silicate (umol/l): 1.608 - 25.869
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Pelagic; marine. Associated with floating Sargassum.
  • Bigelow, H. B. and Schroeder, W. C., 1953; Dawson, C. E., 1990; Smith, C. L., 1997.
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Migration

Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.

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Trophic Strategy

Minute Crustacea, fish eggs, very small fish fry, and any other small marine animals.
  • Bigelow, H. B. and Schroeder, W. C., 1953; Dawson, C. E., 1990; Smith, C. L., 1997.
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
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Reproduction

no information
  • Bigelow, H. B. and Schroeder, W. C., 1953; Dawson, C. E., 1990; Smith, C. L., 1997.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Syngnathus pelagicus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 3 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CCTATATCTAGTATTTGGTGCATGAGCCGGAATAGTGGGCACCGCACTTAGCCTTTTAATCCGGGCAGAACTTAGTCAACCGGGGGCCCTTCTTGGCGATGATCAAATTTATAATGTAATCGTTACAGCCCACGCTTTTGTTATGATTTTTTTCATGGTCATACCTATCATGATTGGAGGATTTGGCAACTGATTAGTACCCCTAATGATTGGAGCCCCCGACATAGCATTCCCCCGAATGAATAACATGAGTTTCTGACTCCTGCCCCCTTCCTTCTTACTCCTTCTTGCTTCCTCAGGAGTAGAGGCGGGTGCAGGCACAGGGTGAACTGTCTACCCCCCTCTCTCGGGTAATTTAGCCCATCAGGGAGCCTCTGTGGATCTAACAATCTTCTCCCTGCACTTAGCAGGTGTATCCTCAATTCTAGGGGCTATTAACTTCATTACCACTATTATTAATATGAAGCCCCCCTCAATCTCCCAATACCAAACACCCCTCTTTGTCTGAGCTGTGCTAATCACTGCTGTGTTACTCCTCCTCTCCCTGCCTGTCTTAGCAGCCGGCATTACTATGCTTTTAACTGACCGAAATTTAAACACGACTTTCTTCGACCCTGCGGGAGGTGGTGATCCTATTCTCTACCAACATCTTTTC
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Syngnathus pelagicus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 8
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Threats

Not Evaluated
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Wikipedia

Sargassum pipefish

Sargassum pipefish (Syngnathus pelagicus) is a species of pipefishes, which found in the western Atlantic: Maine (USA), Bermuda, northern Gulf of Mexico to Argentina, Nova Scotia, Antilles, western Caribbean Sea from Yucatan to Colombia. Marine subtropical species, up to 18.1 cm maximal length. Habits growth of Sargassum algae.

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