IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Comprehensive Description

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Description

  Common names: moonfish (English), jorobado (Espanol), palometa (Espanol)
 
Selene peruviana (Guichenot, 1866)


Pacific moonfish



Body somewhat rectangular and strongly compressed; head moderately deep with rounded nape and steep, slightly concave forehead-snout profile; lower gill rakers (excluding rudiments) 30-34; dorsal rays VIII+I, 20-24, spines of dorsal fin short, with at least last one isolated; anal rays II+I, 16-19; dorsal and anal fin spines become embedded with age;  dorsal and anal fin lobes relatively short; front spines of dorsal fin elongate in juveniles; no isolated finlets after 2nd  dorsal and anal fins; pectoral long, curved; straight part of lateral line with poorly developed, small scutes (hard spiny scales); scales very small, imbedded in skin, body appears scaleless.


Overall silvery; pectoral and caudal fins yellowish; juvenile with a black spot on the flank.


Maximum size to 85 cm.

Habitat: demersal on sandy bottoms.

Depth: 1-50 m.

Southern California to the Gulf of California to Chile and (rarely) the Galapagos.
   

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