Comprehensive DescriptionRead full entry
| Common names: grunt (English), roncador (Espanol), burro (Espanol), ronco (Espanol) |
Haemulon flaviguttatum Gill, 1862
Cortez grunt, Yellow-spotted grunt
Body oblong, compressed; mouth oblique, lower jaw projecting, opens at level of center of eye, lips not fleshy; underside of chin with 2 large pores, 2 pores in a deep hole, and a central groove; gill rakers 26-31 (usually 27-28); preoperculum finely serrated, without spines; dorsal fin continuous, with small to moderate notch in middle, X-XII, 15-18 (usually XII, 17); anal rays III, 10-11; tail forked; soft dorsal and anal densely scaled nearly to the edge of the fin; lateral-line scales 50-53; scales above the lateral line in oblique lines.
Silvery grey, small white spots in scale centers on side arranged in oblique rows; fins yellow except caudal mainly dusky blackish (with yellowish outer margin); inside mouth red; juveniles with narrow dark midlateral stripe and second stripe above, slanting from snout to upper surface of caudal peduncle, also a black spot at base of tail fin.
Size: reaches 42 cm.
Habitat: occurs near shore on rocky reefs, often seen in schools.
Depth: 1-30 m.
Southern California to the Gulf of California to Peru and Malpelo.