Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

  Common names: moray (English), morena (Espanol)
 
Gymnothorax angusticeps (Hildebrand and Barton, 1949)

Wrinkled moray


Head large (16% of TL); snout a little deeper than wide in cross-section; eye small, over center of mouth; front nostril a tube about 2/3 length of eye; posterior nostril at level of profile of head, just before front edge of eye; mouth large, straight, closes completely, lips with small papillae; teeth little compressed, with minute serrations at base of most of them, teeth in single series on jaws, none on roof of mouth; head and trunk about ½ TL;  dorsal fin high (maximum height = snout + eye), its origin well before gill opening; gill opening an oblique slit, about twice size of eye; skin of body very wrinkled, wrinkles extending onto dorsal fin.



Light brown, with dark lines in wrinkles on body and dorsal fin.

Size: 98 cm.

Habitat: rocky reefs.


Depth: 1-225 m.

Ecuador to northern Peru; Malpelo and the Galapagos.
   
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Distribution

Depth

Depth Range (m): 1 (G) - 225 (G)
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Zoogeography

See Map (including site records) of Distribution in the Tropical Eastern Pacific 
 
Global Endemism: All species, East Pacific endemic, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic

Regional Endemism: All species, TEP endemic, Panamic province endemic, Continent + Island (s), Continent, Island (s)

Residency: Resident

Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo), South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
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Range Description

This species is found in the Eastern Pacific from Ecuador to northern Peru, including the Malpelo and Galapagos Islands.
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Southeast Pacific: Peru.
  • Smith, D.G. 1994 Catalog of type specimens of recent fishes in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, 6: Anguilliformes, Saccopharyngiformes, and Notacanthiformes (Teleostei: Elopomorpha). Smithson. Contrib. 566:50 p. (Ref. 40789)
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Eastern Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Size

Length max (cm): 98.0 (S)
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Size

Max. size

51.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 40789))
  • Smith, D.G. 1994 Catalog of type specimens of recent fishes in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, 6: Anguilliformes, Saccopharyngiformes, and Notacanthiformes (Teleostei: Elopomorpha). Smithson. Contrib. 566:50 p. (Ref. 40789)
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Type Information

Holotype for Priodonophis angusticeps Hildebrand & Barton
Catalog Number: USNM 144254
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): O. Barton
Year Collected: 1946
Locality: Peru: Talara, Peru, Pacific
  • Holotype: Hildebrand, S. F. & Barton, O. 1949. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. 111 (10): 5, fig. 2.
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Ecology

Habitat

Salinity: Marine, Marine Only

Inshore/Offshore: Inshore, Inshore Only

Water Column Position: Bottom, Bottom only

Habitat: Reef (rock &/or coral), Reef only, Rocks, Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)

FishBase Habitat: Demersal
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Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This demersal fish inhabits rocky reefs.

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

demersal; marine
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Trophic Strategy

Feeding

Feeding Group: Carnivore

Diet: mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs), octopus/squid/cuttlefish, bony fishes
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Life History and Behavior

Reproduction

Egg Type: Pelagic, Pelagic larva
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed

CITES: Not listed
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IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
McCosker, J. & Béarez, P.

Reviewer/s
Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B. & Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is widespread in the Eastern Pacific region. No major threats to this species are known, and there is no current indication of population decline. It is listed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
No population information is available for this species.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no major threats known for this species.
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Least Concern (LC)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known specific conservation measures for this species. However, this species distribution falls within the Cocos, Malpelo and Galapagos Marine Protected Areas (WDPA 2006).
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Wikipedia

Gymnothorax angusticeps

Gymnothorax angusticeps is a moray eel found in the southeast Pacific Ocean, around Peru.[1] It was first named by Hildebrand and Barton in 1949.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b Gymnothorax angusticeps at www.fishbase.org.
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