Data about <i>Raja clavata</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Raja clavata</i>
  • Geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
Geographic distribution
Additional detail Azores World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Azores Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Baltic sea World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Belgian Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Belgian Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Belgian Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Black Sea World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail British Isles World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail De Haan World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail European waters (ERMS scope) World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Greek Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail IJsselmeer World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Irish Exclusive economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Israeli part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Madagascar World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Mauritius World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Oostduinkerke World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Oostende World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Portuguese Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Schelde estuary World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail South Africa (country) World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Spanish Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Swedish Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail United Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Voordelta World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Westerschelde World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Wimereux World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Zeeschelde World Register of Marine Species  
  • Latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Latitude min
Additional detail -35.5 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 61.72 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • Longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Longitude min
Additional detail -28 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 45.84 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Raja clavata</i>
Weight
Additional detail 9.9 kg adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

Data about <i>Raja clavata</i>
Habitat
Additional detail marine habitat
  • Marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
IUCN  
Additional detail marine habitat
  • Marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
IRMNG  
Habitat
Additional detail bay Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail beach
  • Beach
    A landform consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, gravel, shingle, pebbles, cobble, or even shell fragments along the shoreline of a body of water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000091
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coastal water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail continental shelf
  • Continental shelf
    The extended perimeter of each continent, which is covered during interglacial periods such as the current epoch by relatively shallow sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000223
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail estuarine biome
  • Estuarine biome
    Expressions of the estuarine biome occur at wide lower courses of a rivers where they flow into a sea. Estuaries experience tidal flows and their water is a changing mixture of fresh and salt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail estuary
  • Estuary
    A semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000045
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail gravel
  • Gravel
    Gravel is an environmental material which is composed of pieces of rock that are at least two millimeters (2mm) in its largest dimension and no more than 75 millimeters.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000018
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marine habitat
  • Marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mediterranean Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mediterranean sea biome
  • Mediterranean sea biome
    The mediterranean sea biome comprises mostly enclosed seas that have limited exchange of deep water with outer oceans and where the water circulation is dominated by salinity and temperature differences rather than winds.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000047
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mount
  • Mount
    A mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island. Typically formed from volcanoes that rise abruptly and are usually found rising from a seafloor of 1,000 - 4,000 meters depth. Independent features that rise to at least 1,000 meters above the seafloor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000264
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mud
  • Mud
    A liquid or semi-liquid mixture of water and some combination of soil, silt, and clay.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000001
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail reef
  • Reef
    A ridge of rocks, lying near the surface of the sea, which may be visible at low tide, but is usually covered by water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000130
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sand
  • Sand
    A naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000017
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea floor Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sediment
  • Sediment
    Sediment is an environmental substance comprised of any particulate matter that can be transported by fluid flow and which eventually is deposited as a layer of solid particles on the bedor bottom of a body of water or other liquid.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002007
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shore
  • Shore
    That part of the land in immediate contact with a body of water including the area between high and low water lines.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000304
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail tidal mudflat
  • Tidal mudflat
    A level tract lying at a small depth below the surface of water, or alternately covered and left bare by the tide.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000241
Environments - EOL project  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail Biscuit Skate GloBI  
Additional detail Blue Skate GloBI  
Additional detail Moon Snails GloBI  
  • Preys upon
    consumes for energetic or other nutritional needs (object of consumption is an organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/preysUpon
Preys upon
Additional detail Acanthoparyphium GloBI  
Additional detail Acanthoparyphium spinulosum GloBI  
Additional detail Arthropods GloBI  
Additional detail Ascarophis GloBI  
Additional detail Brown Wood Owl GloBI  
Additional detail California Venus GloBI  
Additional detail Carcinonemertes GloBI  
Additional detail Cloacitrema GloBI  
Additional detail Eaton's Pintail GloBI  
Additional detail Green Crab GloBI  
Additional detail Gynaecotyla GloBI  
Additional detail Himasthla GloBI  
Additional detail Himasthla rhigedana GloBI  
Additional detail Leidya GloBI  
Additional detail Lesser Tagelus GloBI  
Additional detail Lined Shore Crab GloBI  
Additional detail Neanthes GloBI  
Additional detail Neanthes arenaceodentata GloBI  
Additional detail Nematodes GloBI  
Additional detail Pacific Eggcockle GloBI  
Additional detail Pacific Littleneck GloBI  
Additional detail Parorchis acanthus GloBI  
Additional detail Parvatrema GloBI  
Additional detail Picornaviridae GloBI  
Additional detail Portunion conformis GloBI  
Additional detail Probolocoryphe GloBI  
Additional detail Protothaca GloBI  
Additional detail Renicola GloBI  
Feeds on
Additional detail Aesop Shrimp GloBI  
Additional detail Amphipods GloBI  
Additional detail Atlantic Herring GloBI  
Additional detail Atlantic Mackerel GloBI  
Additional detail Atlantic Scad GloBI  
Additional detail Atlantopandalus propinqvus GloBI  
Additional detail Brown Algae GloBI  
Additional detail Butterfish GloBI  
Additional detail Calanus finmarchicus GloBI  
Additional detail Capelin GloBI  
Additional detail Capelin GloBI  
Additional detail Cephalopods GloBI  
Additional detail Clam Worms GloBI  
Additional detail Cods and Haddocks GloBI  
Additional detail Common Hermit Crab GloBI  
Additional detail Corystes cassivelanus GloBI  
Additional detail Crangon GloBI  
Additional detail Crangon allmanni GloBI  
Additional detail Crangonidae GloBI  
Additional detail Crustaceans GloBI  
Additional detail Dromiacea GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausia GloBI  
Additional detail European Plaice GloBI  
Additional detail Gammarid Amphipods GloBI  
Additional detail Gnathostomata GloBI  
Additional detail Gobies GloBI  
Additional detail Hermit Crabs GloBI  
Additional detail Herrings GloBI  
Additional detail Hippolyte GloBI  
Additional detail Hooded Shrimps GloBI  
Additional detail Hooknose GloBI  
Additional detail Hooknose GloBI  
Additional detail Humpback Prawns GloBI  
Additional detail Hyperiideans GloBI  
Additional detail Knobby Swimcrab GloBI  
Additional detail Lesser Sand-eel GloBI  
Additional detail Loligo GloBI  
Additional detail Macropipus GloBI  
Additional detail Molluscs GloBI  
Additional detail Mysid Shrimps GloBI  
Additional detail Mysidae GloBI  
Additional detail Night Shrimps GloBI  
Additional detail Norway Pout GloBI  
Additional detail Pandalid Shrimps GloBI  
Additional detail Pandalus GloBI  
Additional detail Philocheras gorei GloBI  
Additional detail Pontophilus GloBI  
Additional detail Processa GloBI  
Additional detail Processa hemphilli GloBI  
Additional detail Ragworms GloBI  
Additional detail Razor Shell GloBI  
Additional detail Sabd Lances GloBI  
Additional detail Sand Lances GloBI  
Additional detail Sea Scorpion GloBI  
Additional detail Sevenline Shrimp GloBI  
Additional detail Shorthorn Spiny Crab GloBI  
Additional detail Shrimps GloBI  
Additional detail Slip GloBI  
Additional detail Sprat GloBI  
Additional detail Squat Lobsters GloBI  
Additional detail Swimming Crabs GloBI  
Additional detail Tanyptera GloBI  
Additional detail Tasmanian Tachinid Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Velvet Swimming Crab GloBI  
Additional detail Whiting GloBI  
Additional detail Whiting GloBI  
Additional detail Yellow Crab GloBI  
  • Parasitizes
    non-mutual relationship between organisms of different species where one organism, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parasitizes
Parasitizes
Additional detail Tetraphyllidea GloBI  
  • Has parasite
    non-mutual relationship between organisms of different species where one organism, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hasParasite
Has parasite
Additional detail Tetraphyllidea GloBI  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
Interacts with
Additional detail Thornback Ray GloBI  
Additional detail Thornback Ray GloBI  
Water depth min
Additional detail -9 m OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 820 m OBIS Environmental Information  
Water nitrate concentration min
Additional detail 0.89 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 34.32 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water temperature max
Additional detail 17.17 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail 4.0 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
Water silicate concentration min
Additional detail 0.99 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 37.96 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail 0.098 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 2.46 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail 3.29 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 6.59 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water O2 saturation max
Additional detail 108.89 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail 44.28 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
  • Has predator
    is consumed for energetic or other nutritional needs (by another organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HasPredator
Has predator
Additional detail Cod GloBI  
Additional detail Grey Gurnard GloBI  
Water salinity min
Additional detail 31.84 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 38.67 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Raja clavata</i>
Clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail 142 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Inter-birth interval
Additional detail 1.0 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Total life span max
Additional detail 12 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Onset of fertility
Additional detail 9.99 years female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 9.99 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Evolution and Systematics

Data about <i>Raja clavata</i>
First Appearance (Older Bound)
Additional detail 5.33 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
First Appearance (Younger Bound)
Additional detail 3.6 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
Last Appearance (Older Bound)
Additional detail 2.59 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
Last Appearance (Younger Bound)
Additional detail 0.78 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  

Conservation

Data about <i>Raja clavata</i>
Population trend
Additional detail Decreasing IUCN  
Extinction status
Additional detail extant IRMNG  
Additional detail extinct
  • Extinct
    A taxon is Extinct when there is no reasonable doubt that the last individual has died. A taxon is presumed Extinct when exhaustive surveys in known and/or expected habitat, at appropriate times (diurnal, seasonal, annual), throughout its historic range have failed to record an individual. Surveys should be over a time frame appropriate to the taxon’s life cycle and life form.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/extinct
The Paleobiology Database  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Raja clavata</i>
Conservation status
Additional detail near threatened
  • Near threatened
    A taxon is Near Threatened when it has been evaluated against the criteria but does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered or Vulnerable now, but is close to qualifying for or is likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nearThreatened
IUCN  

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