The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1. IUCN Red List (November, 2005) http://www.redlist.orghttp://www.redlist.org External link.
  • 2. Elasmodiver.com (December, 2005) http://www.elasmodiver.com/big_skate.htmhttp://www.elasmodiver.com/big_skate.htm External link.
  • 3. FishBase (December, 2005) http://www.fishbase.org/search.phphttp://www.fishbase.org/search.php External link.
  • 4. Florida Museum of Natural History (December, 2005) http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/Gallery/Descript/BigSkate/BigSkate.htmlhttp://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/Gallery/Descript/BigSkate/BigSkate.html External link.
  • 5. McEachran, J. (2006) Pers. Comm.
  • 6. eNature: National Wildlife Federation (December, 2005) http://www.enature.com/fieldguides/detail.asp?recnum=FI0235http://www.enature.com/fieldguides/detail.asp?recnum=FI0235 External link.
  • 7. Monterey Bay Aquarium (December, 2005) http://www.mbayaq.org/efc/efc_smm/smm_meetBrowser.asp?tf=16http://www.mbayaq.org/efc/efc_smm/smm_meetBrowser.asp?tf=16 External link.
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  • Allen, M.J. and G.B. Smith0 Atlas and zoogeography of common fishes in the Bering Sea and northeastern Pacific. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS 66, 151 p. (Ref. 6793)
  • Anonymous0 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA. (Ref. 41414)
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  • Anonymous0 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). (Ref. 31982)
  • Anonymous0 Fish collection database of the University of British Columbia Fish Museum Fish Museum. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. (Ref. 10937)
  • Anonymous0 Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. (Ref. 40919)
  • Anonymous0 Fish collection of the Royal British Columbia Museum. Royal British Columbia Museum, 675 Belleville Street, Victoria BC, Canada V8V 1X4. (Ref. 42125)
  • Anonymous0 Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum. (Ref. 47438)
  • Anonymous0 The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Ichthyology and Herpetology, Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). (Ref. 35508)
  • Anonymous0 U. S. GLOBEC - Global ocean ecosystems dynamics, a component of the U. S. Global Change Research Program. Eastern Boundary Current Program-A Science Plan for the California Current, Rep. No. 11, August. (Ref. 9015)
  • Bailly, N. (2014). Raja binoculata Girard, 1855. In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2014) FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=271572
  • Bor, P.0 Egg-capsules of sharks and skates. www.rajidae.tmfweb.nl/rogtabel.html (Ref. 41250)
  • Bor, P.H.F.0 Nederlandse naamlijst van de recente haaien en roggen (Chondrichthyes: Elasmobranchii) van de wereld. World Wide Web electronic publication www.rajidae.tmfweb.nl, version (05/2002). (Ref. 43454)
  • Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
  • Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen0 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
  • Carl, H.0 Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen. Unpublished. (Ref. 51471)
  • Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences0 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database. http://zzzy.fishinfo.cn (Ref. 58108)
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  • Coad, B.W.0 Encyclopedia of Canadian fishes. Canadian Museum of Nature and Canadian Sportfishing Productions Inc. Singapore. (Ref. 12204)
  • Compagno, L.J.V.0 Checklist of living elasmobranchs. p. 471-498. In W.C. Hamlett (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes. John Hopkins University Press, Maryland. (Ref. 35766)
  • Cox, K.W.0 Egg-cases of some elasmobranchs and a cyclostome from California waters. Calif. Fish Game 49(4):271-289. (Ref. 41300)
  • Danko, J.P.0 Building a reliable database from a native oral tradition using fish-related terms from the Saanich language. p. 29-33. In D. Pauly, T. Pitcher and D. Preikshot (eds.) Back to the future: reconstructing the Strait of Georgia Ecosystem. 99 p. The Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C. Canada. (Ref. 33536)
  • David A. Ebert, Chante D. Davis (2007): Descriptions of skate egg cases (Chondrichthyes: Rajiformes: Rajoidei) from the eastern North Pacific. Zootaxa 1393, 1-18: 10-11, URL:http://www.zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0C16005C-21BC-4252-823E-C83515FCFF28
  • DeLacey, A.C. and W.M. Chapman0 Notes on some elasmobranchs of Puget Sound, with descriptions of their egg cases. Copeia 1935(2):63-67. (Ref. 41357)
  • Dulvy, N.K. and J.D. Reynolds0 Evolutionary transitions among egg-laying, live-bearing and maternal inputs in sharks and rays. Proc. R. Soc. Lond., Ser. B: Biol. Sci. 264:1309-1315. (Ref. 50449)
  • Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.)0 Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of November 1999. Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in November 1999. (Ref. 33021)
  • Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann 1983 A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
  • Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann0 A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
  • Evermann, B.W. and E.L. Goldsborough0 The fishes of Alaska. Bull. U.S. Bur. Fish. 26: 219-360. (Ref. 11366)
  • FAO-FIES0 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/fishery/collection/asfis, 29 April 2008. (Ref. 75549)
  • FAO-FIES0 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/fishery/collection/asfis/en, April 2014. (Ref. 95632)
  • FAO-FIES0 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/fishery/collection/asfis/en, March 2010. (Ref. 83882)
  • FAO-FIES0 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/fishery/collection/asfis/en, March 2012. (Ref. 90062)
  • Ferguson, A. and G. Cailliet0 Sharks and rays of the Pacific Coast. Monterey Bay Aquarium, Monterey, California, USA. 64 p. (Ref. 12091)
  • Florida Museum of Natural History0 Biological profiles: big skate. Retrieved on 26 August 2005, from www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/Gallery/Descript/BigSkate/BigSkate.html. Ichthyology at the Florida Museum of Natural History: Education-Biological Profiles. FLMNH, University of Florida. (Ref. 55279)
  • Frimodt, C.0 Multilingual illustrated guide to the world's commercial coldwater fish. Fishing News Books, Osney Mead, Oxford, England. 215 p. (Ref. 9988)
  • Fritzsch, B. and P. Moller0 A history of electroreception. p. 39-55. In P. Moller (ed.) Electric fishes:history and behavior. Fish and Fisheries Series 17. Chapman & Hall, London. (Ref. 10311)
  • Froese R. & Pauly D. (eds) (2013). FishBase (version Feb 2013). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Garcia et al. (2008) The importance of habitat and life history to extinction risk in sharks, skates, rays and chimaeras. Proc Biol Sci, 275:83-89.
  • Girard, C. 1855. Characteristics of some cartilaginous fishes of the Pacific coast of North America. , Source: Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 7, Page: 196-197
  • Grabda, E. and T. Heese0 Polskie nazewnictwo popularne kraglouste i ryby. Cyclostomata et Pisces. Wyzsza Szkola Inzynierska w Koszalinie. Koszalin, Poland. 171 p. (in Polish). (Ref. 6313)
  • Grant, D., M. Gjernes and N. Venables0 A practical guide to the identification of commercial groundfish species of British Columbia. Archipelago Marine Research Ltd., Victoria, BC, Canada. 34 p. (Ref. 31398)
  • Hart, J.L. 1973 Pacific fishes of Canada. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 180:740 p. (Ref. 6885)
  • Hart, J.L.0 Pacific fishes of Canada. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 180:740 p. (Ref. 6885)
  • Hastings, P.A. and Findley, L.T. 2006. Marine fishes of the upper Gulf Biosphere Reserve, Northern Gulf of California. In Dry borders Great Natural Reserves of the Sonora desert. Felger, R.S. & B. Broyles (Eds.) , Vol. 0, Page: 364-382+716-719
  • Hilton-Taylor, C.0 2000 IUCN red list of threatened species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. xviii + 61 p. (with 1 CD-ROM). (Ref. 36508)
  • IGFA0 Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA. (Ref. 40637)
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
  • Ishihara, H., M. Treloar, P.H.F. Bor, H. Senou and C.H. Jeong0 The comparative morphology of skate egg capsules (Chondrichthyes: Elasmobranchii: Rajiformes). Bull. Kanagawa Prefectural Museum (Natural Science) (41):9-25. (Ref. 94820)
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