Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found in ponds (Ref. 11229). Feeds on worms, crustaceans, insects and plant matter (Ref. 7020). Aquarium keeping: in groups of 5 or more individuals; minimum aquarium size 60 cm (Ref. 51539).
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Distribution

South America: Lower Paraná River basin and coastal rivers in Uruguay and Brazil.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 1; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 6
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Size

Maximum size: 70 mm ---
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Max. size

5.9 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 37395))
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; freshwater; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19
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Diseases and Parasites

Skeletal deformities. Others
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Procamallanus Infection 33. Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.)
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Dactylogyrus Gill Flukes Disease. Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.)
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Bacterial Infections (general). Bacterial diseases
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

The female holds 2-4 eggs between her pelvic fins, where the male fertilizes them for about 30 seconds. Only then the female swims to a suitable spot, where she attaches the very sticky eggs. The pair repeats this process until about 100 eggs have been fertilized and attached (Ref. 1672).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Corydoras cf. paleatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Corydoras paleatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 17
Specimens with Barcodes: 47
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data: Corydoras paleatus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: highly commercial
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Wikipedia

Corydoras paleatus

Corydoras paleatus is a species of catfish (order Siluriformes) of the family Callichthyidae. Its common names include blue leopard corydoras, mottled corydoras and peppered catfish.[1] It originates from the lower Paraná River basin and coastal rivers in Uruguay and Brazil.[1]

Description[edit]

This fish species reaches about 5.9 centimetres (2.3 in) SL.[1] The male is smaller than the female and in proportion to body length, the dorsal fin and pectoral fins are longer on the male than the female.[2]

Ecology[edit]

Corydoras paleatus is found in the amazon basin,[1] and feeds on worms, crustaceans, insects, and plant matter.[1]

C. paleatus has been known to produce sound; it does this by abduction of its pectoral fins. This is used by males during courtship and intrapersonal communication, and by both sexes and juveniles when distressed.[2]

In reproduction, males do not behave aggressively toward each other, nor do they monopolize mating areas or females.[2] The T-position is involved in courtship, as with many other Corydoras species.[2]

In the aquarium[edit]

It is a very good choice for the community aquarium, as it is a hardy, good looking, and peaceful fish. They can be successfully kept with other small, peaceful aquarium fish like livebearers, danios and tetras. It is sometimes seen in the shops as an albino form, although this is similar to other albino corys (see the C. aeneus albino form). It grows to around 7.5 cm, and is easily bred at home.

These fish have sensitive barbels and one should have the proper substrate for them. To keep their barbels (whiskers) in the best condition one requires the fine gravel that looks like coarse salt. This is available in white and brown, both look good. Beware that fry are difficult to spot on the brown gravel. Gravel with sharp edges will cut their barbels (until they are gone). Their barbels are important for finding food, and should remain healthy.

These fish prefer a planted tank with temperatures around 60 to 75 ° Fahrenheit (20 – 24 ° Celsius) although they can take lower temperatures than this. Their high temperature tolerance seems poor and 30 °C (85 °F) is the highest safe temperature. They like to nibble on the algae that grows on floating plants, but are not a specialized algae-eating catfish. The lighting must not be too bright and hiding places, such as bogwood (also known as mopani wood) are needed as they like to hide from the light during certain parts of the day. Heavily planted areas should also be provided, where the light is minimized, as they like darker areas due to their bottom-feeding nature.

Diet should be sinking pellets, algae wafers, frozen and live food, such as bloodworm or daphnia. They may also occasionally enjoy blanched spinach, which can be attached to plants with a peg or the side of the glass with magnetic clips. They can be seen to dart to the top of the tank: this is because they can use atmospheric oxygen to supplement what their gills extract from the water. They will do this more frequently when water quality is starting to deteriorate, and so should be watched for this indication.

Spawning[edit]

The males initiate the courtship ritual, which entails chasing the females around the tank. The female darts away and the males search for her and find her a few moments later. The males shiver all over the female and may lie down on top of her. When she is ready to spawn she turns to the male next to her and pounds furiously below his ventral fin. The male releases his seed and the female catches it in her mouth. The female cups her ventral fins and lays a few eggs (normally about 4) in them. She now starts cleaning a spot on the glass to lays her eggs on. Corydoras are egg depositors and lay their eggs all over the aquarium. Favourite spots include the heater, filter tubes and the glass, although, occasionally eggs are also laid on plants.

After depositing a group of eggs closely together, the female rests for a few moments. The males regroup and start chasing each other and then resume chasing the female. The males are so relentless in this pursuit that they try to mate with the female even while she is busy laying her eggs. The spawning lasts more than an hour and many eggs are laid.

Raising the fry[edit]

The eggs should hatch in about six days. Peppered catfish will eat their fry. At first the fry will eat mainly the protozoan organisms in the tank, but will soon be able to eat fry foods.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2011). "Corydoras paleatus" in FishBase. December 2011 version.
  2. ^ a b c d Pruzsinszky, Inge; Ladich, Friedrich (October 1998). "Sound production and reproductive behaviour of the armoured catfish Corydoras paleatus (Callichthyidae)". Journal Environmental Biology of Fishes 53 (2): 183–191. doi:10.1023/A:1007413108550. 
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