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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found in coastal reef sand slopes. Secretive in reefs during the day. Moves out over sand at night to hunt (Ref. 48635). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Apparently has venomous bite (Ref 90102).
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Distribution

Indo-Pacific: Indonesia to Hawaiian Islands; north to Japan and Taiwan (Ref 90102).
  • Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino 1984 The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
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Western and Central Pacific: Eastern Indonesia to Society and Hawaiian Islands, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Vertebrae: 184 - 195
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Size

Max. size

105 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102))
  • Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann 2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research. (Ref. 90102)
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Maximum size: 1000 mm TL
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Diagnostic Description

Description: Characterized by light to medium brown color; paler on ventral surface; dark brown fins usually with white margin; sensory pores on side of jaws surrounded by white spots; body depth at gill opening 11-25 in TL; origin of dorsal fin about midway between corner of mouth and gill opening; anus posterior of middle of body; head and trunk combined (preanal length) 1.7-1.8 in TL; single row jaw teeth, well spaced and elongate; median row of three long fangs at front of upper jaw; large anterior teeth of adult serrate basally (Ref 90102).
  • Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann 2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research. (Ref. 90102)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 6 - 180 m (Ref. 58302)
  • Mundy, B.C. 2005 Checklist of the fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Bishop Museum Bulletins in Zoology. Bishop Mus. Bull. Zool. (6):1-704. (Ref. 58302)
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Trophic Strategy

Found in coastal reef sand slopes. Secretive in reefs during the day. Moves out over sand at night to hunt (Ref. 48635).
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Wikipedia

Whitemargin moray eel

The whitemargin moray or the white-edged moray,[1] Gymnothorax albimarginatus, is a species of marine fish in the family Muraenidae.

Description[edit]

The whitemargin moray is considered as a medium-sized fish which can reach 105 cm long.[2] Its snout is rounded.Its body coloration can vary off-white to beige with a characteristic white margin on the outer edge of the dorsal fin that runs through its body from the back of the skull to the tip of the tail.[3]

Distribution & habitat[edit]

The whitemargin moray is widespread trough out the tropical waters of Indo-Pacific area from the eastern part of Indonesia to the oceanic islands in the Ocean Pacific, including Hawaii and Polynesia; and from South Japan down to Tonga Islands.[4]

This moray lives on the sandy slopes of the coastal reefs.[5]

Biology[edit]

The whitemargin moray is a benthic animal that lives during daytime buried in the sand or between coral blocs and comes out the evening to hunt prey.[6] Its bite is venomous.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Common names for Gymnothorax albimarginatus at www.fishbase.org.
  2. ^ Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann 2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research.
  3. ^ Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann 2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research.
  4. ^ Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann, 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research.
  5. ^ Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka, 2001. Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 1. Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae - Lutjanidae. Zoonetics, Australia. 302 p.
  6. ^ Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka, 2001. Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 1. Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae - Lutjanidae. Zoonetics, Australia. 302 p.
  7. ^ Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann, 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research.

External links[edit]


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