Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Oviparous (Ref. 50449).
  • Compagno, L.J.V., J.D. Stevens and P.R. Last 1999 Australian spotted catsharks of the genus Asymbolus (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae). Part 1: Descriptions of three new species from western Australia. p. 2-18. In P.R. Last (ed.). Australian catsharks of the genus Asymbolus (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae). (Ref. 36712)
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Distribution

Range Description

Asymbolus parvus is restricted to a confined region in northwestern Australia between Dampier and the Buccaneer Archipelago off the coast of Western Australia.
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Northwestern Australia.
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Eastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia.
  • Compagno, L.J.V., J.D. Stevens and P.R. Last 1999 Australian spotted catsharks of the genus Asymbolus (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae). Part 1: Descriptions of three new species from western Australia. p. 2-18. In P.R. Last (ed.). Australian catsharks of the genus Asymbolus (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae). (Ref. 36712)
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Physical Description

Size

Max. size

34.9 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 36712)); 35.7 cm TL (female)
  • Compagno, L.J.V., J.D. Stevens and P.R. Last 1999 Australian spotted catsharks of the genus Asymbolus (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae). Part 1: Descriptions of three new species from western Australia. p. 2-18. In P.R. Last (ed.). Australian catsharks of the genus Asymbolus (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae). (Ref. 36712)
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Diagnostic Description

Very small, distinctive, pale brown body with many white spots and blotches; dark brown or black spots absent. Caudal peduncle relatively thin; low anal fin. Preoral length long. Teeth very small, ridged with 5-7 cusps; small, densely imbricated, weakly tricuspidate denticles. Monospondylous centra 34-35.
  • Compagno, L.J.V., J.D. Stevens and P.R. Last 1999 Australian spotted catsharks of the genus Asymbolus (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae). Part 1: Descriptions of three new species from western Australia. p. 2-18. In P.R. Last (ed.). Australian catsharks of the genus Asymbolus (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae). (Ref. 36712)
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
A. parvus is found in depths ranging from 59 to 252 m. This species grows to approximately 33 cm total length (TL), with males maturing at about 28 cm TL. This is a tropical species that is most commonly found on the outer continental shelf. The biology of this species is almost entirely unknown.

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

pelagic-oceanic; marine; depth range 160 - 260 m (Ref. 36712)
  • Compagno, L.J.V., J.D. Stevens and P.R. Last 1999 Australian spotted catsharks of the genus Asymbolus (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae). Part 1: Descriptions of three new species from western Australia. p. 2-18. In P.R. Last (ed.). Australian catsharks of the genus Asymbolus (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae). (Ref. 36712)
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Depth range based on 12 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 7 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 162 - 256
  Temperature range (°C): 13.134 - 20.374
  Nitrate (umol/L): 10.770 - 23.995
  Salinity (PPS): 34.627 - 34.995
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.438 - 3.016
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.979 - 1.702
  Silicate (umol/l): 15.661 - 35.232

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 162 - 256

Temperature range (°C): 13.134 - 20.374

Nitrate (umol/L): 10.770 - 23.995

Salinity (PPS): 34.627 - 34.995

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.438 - 3.016

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.979 - 1.702

Silicate (umol/l): 15.661 - 35.232
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Trophic Strategy

Occurs on the continental shelf and slope (Ref. 75154).
  • Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, J.R. Paxton and G.R. Allen 2006 Fishes. In Beasley, O.L. and A. Wells (eds.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35.2 Australia: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing, 1472 p. (Ref. 75154)
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).
  • Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Asymbolus parvus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 2 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CCTCTACTTAATTTTTGGTGCATGAGCAGGAATAGTTGGAATAGCTTTAAGTTTACTAATTCGCGCTGAACTAGGTCAACCGGGGTCTCTTTTAGGAGATGATCAGATTTACAATGTGGTCGTAACTGCCCATGCCTTTGTAATAATCTTTTTTATAGTTATACCAGTCATAATTGGCGGCTTTGGAAATTGACTTGTTCCTTTAATAATTGGTGCACCAGACATAGCTTTTCCCCGAATAAATAATATAAGCTTCTGACTACTTCCGCCTTCTTTCTTACTTCTCTTAGCTTCCGCAGGGGTAGAAGCTGGAGCAGGAACCGGATGAACTGTTTATCCCCCCTTAGCAGGTAATATAGCACATGCTGGGCCCTCTGTTGATTTAGCTATCTTTTCCCTTCATTTAGCTGGTATTTCATCCATTCTAGCCTCAATCAACTTTATTACAACCATTATTAATATAAAACCCCCAGCCATTTCCCAGTATCAAACACCATTATTTGTTTGATCAATTCTTATTACTACCGTTCTTCTTCTTCTTGCCCTCCCAGTTCTAGCAGCAGGAATTACAATATTACTCACAGACCGCAACCTTAATACTACATTCTTTGACCCCGCAGGTGGAGGGGACCCAATCCTTTATCAACACTTAN
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Asymbolus parvus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2003
  • Needs updating

Assessor/s
Heupel, M.R. (SSG Australia & Oceania Regional Workshop, March 2003)

Reviewer/s
Simpfendorfer, C.A., Kyne, P.M. & Cavanagh, R.D (Shark Red List Authority)

Contributor/s

Justification
This small endemic catshark is recorded from a small area off the northwest coast of Australia with a depth range of 59 to 252 m. Its very small size means that it is unlikely to be significantly impacted by the trawl fisheries in the area. In addition it is probably discarded when caught due to its size and low commercial value, and is believed to have a high survival rate.
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Population

Population
Little is known about the population size in this range and no scientific data are currently available concerning the population size of this species.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
This species may be collected as bycatch in commercial fisheries, e.g., the Pilbara Trawl Fishery, but is believed to have high survival rates and is thought to be discarded when caught.
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Least Concern (LC)
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Currently no conservation measures in place for this species.
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Wikipedia

Asymbolus parvus

Not to be confused with Scyliorhinus torrei, also known as the dwarf catshark.

The dwarf catshark (Asymbolus parvus) is a catshark of the family Scyliorhinidae, found only off the coast of Western Australia, at depths between 200 and 400 m. Its length is up to 44 cm.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ GBIF.org (Retrieved 2 March 2010)
  • Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2006). "Asymbolus parvus" in FishBase. July 2006 version.
  • Environment-Australian Government
  • Compagno, L.J.V., Dando, M. & Fowler, S. 2005. A Field Guide to the Sharks of the World. London : Collins 368 pp. [208]
  • Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 1994. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Canberra : CSIRO Australia 513 pp. 84 pls figs [172, 181 fig. 26.9 pl. 22] (as Asymbolus sp. A)
  • Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 2009. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Collingwood : CSIRO Publishing Australia 2nd Edn 550 pp. [200]
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