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| Common names: scorpionfish (English), lapón (Espanol), rascacio (Espanol), escorpión (Espanol) |
Scorpaena mystes Jordan & Starks in Jordan, 1895
Stone scorpionfish, Pacific spotted scorpionfish
Head very bony, with numerous spines, as deep as broad; a deep pit present behind eyes; a smaller pit below and in front of eye; longitudinal ridge under eye with 3-4 spines; top preopercular spine the longest; roof of mouth with teeth on sides; no slit behind last gill arch; numerous skin flaps on head and body ; dorsal rays XII, 9-10; anal rays III, 5-6; pectoral rays 18-21, the lower rays unbranched and thickened; scales relatively large, smooth on body; lateral line complete; with tubes on scales; 24-25 lateral line scales, 42-48 vertical rows.
Color highly variable, usually a drab mottled mixture of grey, brown, red, green, and black; tail with dark bars; axil of pectoral fin usually dark with white spots, frequently arranged in rows; juveniles with pronounced dark bar on rear body at level of soft dorsal fin. Specimens from the Revillagigedos and Galapagos have more uniformly colored pectoral axils and may represent a separate subspecies.
Size: to 46 cm.
Inhabits weed-covered reefs and open sand- rubble areas.
Depth: 1-85 m.
Southern California through the Gulf of California to Chile, plus the Revillagigedos, Galapagos, Cocos and Malpelo.