Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits offshore water, usually from 54-125 m depth.
  • Bradbury, M.G. 1980 A revision of the fish genus Ogcocephalus with descriptions of new species from the western Atlantic Ocean (Ogcocephalidae: Lophiiformes). Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 42(7):229-285. (Ref. 40824)
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Distribution

Western Atlantic: North Carolina and northern Gulf of Mexico in USA to Brazil; absent from Bahamas
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Western Atlantic: North Carolina and northern Gulf of Mexico in USA to Brazil; absent from Bahamas.
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
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Western Atlantic.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 4; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 4; Vertebrae: 18 - 20
  • Uyeno, T., K. Matsuura and E. Fujii (eds.) 1983 Fishes trawled off Suriname and French Guiana. Japan Marine Fishery Resource Research Center, Tokyo, Japan. 519 p. (Ref. 13608)
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Size

Maximum size: 100 mm TL
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Max. size

10.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251))
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
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Diagnostic Description

Exceptionally angular, craggy body contours and large, prominent bucklers. Very small width of mouth relative to head depth 2-2.8; Narrow interorbital width to head depth 3.6-6.6. Rostrum length to disk margin length 3.2-5.1. Distal ends of pectorals with fleshy ventral pads. Vertebrae usually 19. Lateral line scale count: subopercular usually 5 or 6 (4-8); cheek usually 8 (7-9). Lateral line scale count usually 17 (Ref. 40824).
  • Uyeno, T., K. Matsuura and E. Fujii (eds.) 1983 Fishes trawled off Suriname and French Guiana. Japan Marine Fishery Resource Research Center, Tokyo, Japan. 519 p. (Ref. 13608)
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Type Information

Type for Ogcocephalus parvus Longley & Hildebrand
Catalog Number: USNM 109313
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Illustration
Collector(s): W. Longley
Locality: South of Tortugas, Monroe County, Dry Tortugas, Florida, United States, Florida Keys, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
Depth (m): 73 to 110
  • Type: Longley, W. H. & Hildebrand, S. F. 1940. Papers from the Tortugas Laboratory. 32 (14): 283, fig. 28.
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Paratype for Ogcocephalus parvus Longley & Hildebrand
Catalog Number: USNM 109314
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): W. Longley
Locality: South of Tortugas, Monroe County, Dry Tortugas, Florida, United States, Florida Keys, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
Depth (m): 73 to 110
  • Paratype: Longley, W. H. & Hildebrand, S. F. 1940. Papers from the Tortugas Laboratory. 32 (14): 283, fig. 28.
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Ecology

Habitat

benthic
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 29 - 126 m (Ref. 40824), usually 54 - 125 m (Ref. 7251)
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
  • Bradbury, M.G. 1980 A revision of the fish genus Ogcocephalus with descriptions of new species from the western Atlantic Ocean (Ogcocephalidae: Lophiiformes). Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 42(7):229-285. (Ref. 40824)
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Depth range based on 144 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 79 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 344.5
  Temperature range (°C): 8.049 - 27.476
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.289 - 22.089
  Salinity (PPS): 34.054 - 36.472
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.439 - 5.513
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.097 - 1.564
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 16.288

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 344.5

Temperature range (°C): 8.049 - 27.476

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.289 - 22.089

Salinity (PPS): 34.054 - 36.472

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.439 - 5.513

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.097 - 1.564

Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 16.288
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Wikipedia

Ogcocephalus parvus

Ogcocephalus parvus, the Roughback batfish, is a species of batfish found along the coast of the western Atlantic Ocean from North Carolina in the USA to Brazil. This species grows to a length of 10 centimetres (3.9 in) TL.

References[edit]

  • Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2012). "Ogcocephalus parvus" in FishBase. April 2012 version.
  • M. G. Bradbury, The genera of batfishes (family Ogcocephalidae), Copeia, Vol. 1967, No. 2 (June 5, 1967), pp. 399–422.
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