endemic to a single nation
Regularity: Regularly occurring
Type of Residency: Year-round
Global Range: (200,000-2,500,000 square km (about 80,000-1,000,000 square miles)) Range includes the Atlantic slope of North America from Peedee River drainage, South Carolina, north to lower Hudson River drainage, New York, with isolated records in the Lake Ontario drainage, New York (Page and Burr 2011).
Length: 9 cm
Habitat and Ecology
Habitat Type: Freshwater
Comments: Habitat includes rocky and sandy runs (less often pools) of creeks and small to medium rivers, usually near riffles (Page and Burr 2011). Occasionally this species is found in headwaters and tidal portions of some large rivers. Eggs are attached to branches, stumps, logs, cracks in rocks; in crevices under loose submerged bark, between exposed tree roots, or under flat rocks.
Depth range (m): 0.65 - 0.65
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.
Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).
Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.
Comments: Eats mainly insects, especially Diptera and Ephemeroptera.
Number of Occurrences
Note: For many non-migratory species, occurrences are roughly equivalent to populations.
Estimated Number of Occurrences: 81 - 300
Comments: This species is represented by a large number of occurrences (subpopulations).
100,000 to >1,000,000 individuals
Comments: Total adult population size is unknown but very large. This species is common in much of its range.
Life History and Behavior
Spawns in late spring and summer in north (May to late August in Maryland, late May to early July in Pennsylvania); individuals may spawn several times in a season. Male guards nest territory. Eggs hatch in 6-8 days at 20-25 C, or within 11 days at 20-20.5 C. Larvae inactive for about 6 days after hatching. Sexually mature at age 1 or 2, lives 3-4 years. Produces vocalizations used in species and sex recognition.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Cyprinella analostana
Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.
See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.
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Download FASTA File
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Cyprinella analostana
Public Records: 11
Specimens with Barcodes: 27
Species With Barcodes: 1
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure
NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure
Total adult population size is unknown but very large. This species is common in much of its range.
Trend over the past 10 years or three generations is uncertain but likely relatively stable.
Global Short Term Trend: Relatively stable (=10% change)
Comments: Trend over the past 10 years or three generations is uncertain but likely relatively stable.
Comments: No major threats are known.
The satinfin shiner (Cyprinella analostana) is a species of fish in the family Cyprinidae, the carps and minnows. It is native to the eastern United States, where its distribution extends from New York to South Carolina. It is a common fish and not considered threatened.
It is a freshwater fish that inhabits rivers and creeks, sometimes entering pools and riffles, and found from headwaters to areas near tidal influence. It eats insects, especially flies and mayflies. Spawning occurs in spring and summer, with individuals spawning several times over a season. The eggs are laid in cracks and crevices, under rocks, and on tree roots and wood debris. The male guards them until the young emerge in about one to two weeks, depending on temperature. The lifespan of the species is 3 to 4 years.
Names and Taxonomy
Comments: Removed from genus NOTROPIS and placed in genus (formerly subgenus) CYPRINELLA by Mayden (1989); this change was adopted in the 1991 AFS checklist (Robins et al. 1991). C. CHLORISTIA was regarded by Gibbs (1963) as a subspecies of C. ANALOSTANA, but Robins et al. (1991) and Mayden (1989) disagreed and retained the two as separate species.