Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Usually occurs on bottom along coast and in bays. Lives inside objects, including bottles, cans, and tires.
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Distribution

Range Description

Neoclinus uninotatus is found from the waters off San Francisco, California, USA, to San Martin Island off northern Baja California, Mexico (Stephens 1961). The area in which this species is distributed is approximately 7,686 km2.
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Eastern Pacific.
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Eastern Pacific: Bodega Bay in northern California, USA to northern Baja California, Mexico.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 250 mm TL
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Max. size

25.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850)); max. reported age: 7 years (Ref. 43439)
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Type Information

Paratype for Neoclinus uninotatus
Catalog Number: USNM 26942
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): D. Jordan
Year Collected: 1880
Locality: California, Santa Barbara., California, United States, Pacific
  • Paratype: 1953. Copeia. 1953 (1): 18.
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Paratype for Neoclinus uninotatus
Catalog Number: USNM 26883
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): D. Jordan
Year Collected: 1880
Locality: California, Santa Barbara., California, United States, Pacific
  • Paratype: 1953. Copeia. 1953 (1): 18.
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Paratype for Neoclinus uninotatus
Catalog Number: USNM 75158
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): J. Snyder
Year Collected: 1906
Locality: Pacific Grove, California, California, United States, Pacific
  • Paratype: 1953. Copeia. 1953 (1): 18.
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Paratype for Neoclinus uninotatus
Catalog Number: USNM 31231
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): A. Larco
Locality: Santa Barbara Cal, Santa Barbara County, California, United States, Pacific
  • Paratype: 1953. Copeia. 1953 (1): 18.
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Paratype for Neoclinus uninotatus
Catalog Number: USNM 31209
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): A. Larco
Locality: Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara County, California, United States, Pacific
  • Paratype: 1953. Copeia. 1953 (1): 18.
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Paratype for Neoclinus uninotatus
Catalog Number: USNM 27179
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): D. Jordan
Year Collected: 1880
Locality: Monterey, Cal., Monterey County, California, United States, North America, Pacific
  • Paratype: 1953. Copeia. 1953 (1): 18.
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Paratype for Neoclinus uninotatus
Catalog Number: USNM 6654
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Locality: Western Union Co. Overland Telegraph Exped., United States, North America
  • Paratype: 1953. Copeia. 1953 (1): 18.
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Paratype for Neoclinus uninotatus
Catalog Number: USNM 31176
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): Larco
Year Collected: 1882
Locality: Santa Barbara Cal., Santa Barbara County, California, United States, Pacific
  • Paratype: 1953. Copeia. 1953 (1): 18.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Neoclinus uninotatus is found over sandy and muddy substrates along rocky coastlines and bays. It is often found sheltering in rocky crevices and man-made objects such as tires and bottles and is exceedingly territorial (Eschmeyer and Herald 1983). Both sexes tend the eggs. This species is found at depths of 3–27 m.

Systems
  • Marine
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Depth: 3 - 27m.
From 3 to 27 meters.

Habitat: demersal. Usually occurs on bottom along coast and in bays. Lives inside objects, including bottles, cans, and tires.
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Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 3 - 27 m (Ref. 2850)
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Trophic Strategy

Feeds on various crustaceans which drift, crawl or swim past their homes (Ref. 4930).
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Females lay eggs in abandoned boring clam holes, under rocks, in beer containers, and other containers. Males guard the eggs until they hatch (Ref. 43439).
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Chao, N.L., McEachran, J. & Williams, J.

Reviewer/s
Collen, B., Richman, N., Beresford, A., Chenery, A. & Ram, M.

Contributor/s
De Silva, R., Milligan, H., Lutz, M., Batchelor, A., Jopling, B., Kemp, K., Lewis, S., Lintott, P., Sears, J., Wilson, P., Smith, J. & Livingston, F.

Justification
Neoclinus uninotatus has been assessed as Least Concern. This species is not known to face any major threats, is reported to be relatively common in areas, and is found in a number of habitat types, including human-modified habitats.
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Population

Population
Hubbs (1953) reported that Neoclinus uninotatus is "not common anywhere in its range", however Eschmeyer and Herald (1983) state that this species is easily seen around coastal structures such as piers.

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats
It is unlikely that Neoclinus uninotatus is being impacted by any major threat processes. This species appears to be relatively tolerant to disturbance, as it is often found in areas where coastal development has taken place and in areas littered with rubbish.
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Least Concern (LC)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known species-specific conservation measures in place for Neoclinus uninotatus, however in places, its distribution may coincide with marine protected areas.
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Wikipedia

Neoclinus uninotatus

Neoclinus uninotatus, the Onespot fringehead, is a species of chaenopsid blenny found in the eastern Pacific ocean. It can reach a maximum length of 25 centimetres (9.8 in) TL. This species feeds primarily on benthic crustaceans. It has been known to live for up to 7 years.[1]

References

  • Hubbs, Clark, 1953 (26 Feb.) Revision and systematic position of the blenniid fishes of the genus Neoclinus. Copeia 1953 (no. 1): 11-23.
  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2013). "Neoclinus uninotatus" in FishBase. February 2013 version.
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