Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Adults inhabit rocky bottoms and coral reefs. They are also common in brackish lagoons and found in rivers, particularly juveniles. Marketed fresh.
  • Allen, G.R. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
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Distribution

Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Angola, including Cape Verde (Ref. 10795).
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Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Angola, Cape Verde Islands.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13 - 14; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 8
  • Allen, G.R. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
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Size

Maximum size: 750 mm TL
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Max. size

139 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637)); max. published weight: 60.0 kg (Ref. 40637)
  • IGFA 2001 Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA. (Ref. 40637)
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Diagnostic Description

Maxilla extending nearly to mid-eye level. Preopercular notch and knob weak. Pectoral fins of adults not reaching level of anus. Scale rows on back parallel to lateral line. Reddish brown to slightly orange on back and upper sides, grading to whitish on lower sides and belly. Tips of pelvic fins very dark. Juveniles with a series of about 6 to 8 vertical rows of small white spots or narrow bars on side.
  • Allen, G.R. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; brackish; marine
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 31 - 31
  Temperature range (°C): 25.950 - 25.950
  Nitrate (umol/L): 5.867 - 5.867
  Salinity (PPS): 35.176 - 35.176
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.895 - 3.895
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.133 - 0.133
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.592 - 2.592
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Trophic Strategy

Active predators particularly in the evening, in small groups or individuals (Ref. 37413).
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; price category: high; price reliability: questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this genus
  • International Game Fish Association 1991 World record game fishes. International Game Fish Association, Florida, USA. (Ref. 4699)
  • Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter 1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p. (Ref. 171)
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Wikipedia

African red snapper

The African red snapper, Lutjanus agennes, is a species of snapper native to the coastal Atlantic waters of Africa from Senegal to Angola. They inhabit coral reefs and areas with rocky substrates and are also known to enter brackish waters of lagoons and rivers. This species can reach 139 cm (55 in) in total length, though most only reach 50 cm (20 in). The greatest recorded weight for this species is 60 kg (130 lb). It is of minor importance to local commercial fisheries, but is sought-after as a game fish.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Lutjanus agennes" in FishBase. December 2013 version.
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