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| Common names: flounder (English), lenguado (Espanol) |
Bothus mancus (Broussonet, 1782)
Tropical flounder, Flowery flounder
Body deep (~ 50% of SL); male with spines on snout and above eye, & tentacles on eyes; eyes on left side of head; wide and flat between eyes, much wider than eye in males; lower eye well before top eye; mouth moderate to small; male with a strong, stout nasal spine and a few small spines on ridges around eye; teeth small, on both sides of both jaws; 9-11 long, slender gill rakers, all on lower part of gill arch; dorsal fin origin well before top eye; dorsal rays 96-104; anal rays 74-81; eye side pectoral larger than blind side fin; male with very elongate pectoral fin on eyed side; eye side pelvic with origin under lower eye, and much longer base than fin of blind side; lateral line on eye side only, with distinct arch over eye side pectoral fin; scales small, rough on eye side, smooth on blind side; lateral-line scales 85-90.
Brown with numerous variable-sized white to pale blue spots, some forming small partial circles; also scattered dark brown spots present; 3 dark blotches along lateral line; blind side white, with small brown spots on operculum, rear 1/3 of body grey.
Size: reaches 42 cm.
Habitat: sand and rubble bottoms but also on rock and coral.
Depth: 0-150 m.
Widely distributed in the tropical Indo-Pacific; Panama, the mouth of the Gulf of California; the Revillagigedos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo and the Galapagos.