Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

  Common names: pipefish (English), pez-pipa (Espanol)
 
Syngnathus carinatus (Gilbert, 1892)


Cortez pipefish



Snout slender, long, 56-63% of head ; head length 7.1-8.6 in SL; ridge along top of snout and head low, no spines along side of snout; adult  with no ridge along upper operculum; along side of body ends at level near anus or joins upper or lower tail ridge; upper ridge of body discontinuous with that of tail just behind dorsal fin; ridges along bottom of body and tail joined; body ridges not elevated, finely toothed; body and tail rings 16-18+ 39-43; no skin flaps; anal fin 2-4; dorsal fin 40-46, fin low, its origin on trunk; pectoral fin 13-15;  tail fin large, 10; brood pouch under tail, its plates folded inwards .


Green to brown, with white lines surrounding plates form a chainlink pattern; operculum and pectoral base silvery.


Reaches 21 cm.

On sand bottoms

Depth 0-36m



Endemic to the upper Gulf of California.
   
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Biology

Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205). Males may be mature at 17.5 cm SL.
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Distribution

Range Description

This species is endemic to the upper Gulf of California.
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Zoogeography

See Map (including site records) of Distribution in the Tropical Eastern Pacific 
 
Global Endemism: All species, East Pacific endemic, TEP non-endemic

Regional Endemism: All species, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic, Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily, Northern Gulf of California endemic, Cortez province endemic, Continent, Continent only

Residency: Vagrant

Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California), Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
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Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California.
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Eastern Central Pacific: endemic to the northern Gulf of California.
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Depth

Depth Range (m): 0 (S) - 36 (S)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Size

Length max (cm): 21.0 (S)
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Size

Maximum size: 230 mm SL
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Max. size

23.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 5316))
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Type Information

Type for Syngnathus carinatus
Catalog Number: USNM 48250
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1889
Locality: Gulf of California, Mexico, Pacific
Depth (m): 17.83 to 17.83
Vessel: Albatross
  • Type:
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Cotype for Syngnathus carinatus
Catalog Number: USNM 127139
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1889
Locality: Gulf of California, Mexico, Pacific
Depth (m): 17.83 to 17.83
Vessel: Albatross
  • Cotype:
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Cotype for Syngnathus carinatus
Catalog Number: USNM 125028
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1889
Locality: Gulf of California, Mexico, Pacific
Depth (m): 17.83 to 17.83
Vessel: Albatross
  • Cotype:
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This is species is found on sand substrata, estuaries, beaches, and soft substrata (Findley pers. comm.). This species is found at depths to 36 m.

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

demersal; marine
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Depth range based on 3 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 17.83 - 17.83
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Salinity: Marine, Brackish

Inshore/Offshore: Inshore, Inshore Only

Water Column Position: Bottom, Bottom only

Habitat: Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove), Soft bottom only, Sand & gravel, Beach, Estuary

FishBase Habitat: Demersal
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Trophic Strategy

Feeding

Feeding Group: Carnivore, Planktivore

Diet: mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs), zooplankton
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
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Reproduction

Egg Type: Brooded, Live birth, No pelagic larva, No pelagic phase
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
DD
Data Deficient

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Findley, L. & Acero, A.

Reviewer/s
Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B. & Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is restricted to the upper Gulf of California. It is a shallow water species that occurs in estuarine habitats that are increasingly disturbed by coastal development and aquaculture. However, very little is known about the population status of this species and the impact of current threats. It is therefore assessed as Data Deficient.
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IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed

CITES: Not listed
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Population

Population
This species is not abundant. The number of Locations (areas near estuaries) is around 10.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
Coastal development such as marina construction and also from aquaculture development has caused much of the estuarine habitat of this species to be degraded (Findley pers. comm.).
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Data deficient (DD)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species occurs in at least one Marine Protected Area with questionable enforcement (Findley pers. comm.).
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Wikipedia

Syngnathus carinatus

Syngnathus carinatus is a species of the pipefishes, which is endemic of the northern part of the Gulf of California. Marine / freshwater subtropical demersal fish, up to 23.0 cm length.

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