Northern Africa: The species is recorded from Mauritania. It is rare in Egypt (Manzalah Lake).
Northeastern Africa: It is recorded in the Ghazal and Jebel systems, including Lake No, Sudan, and Baro River, Ethiopia
Western Africa: The species is known across the majority of the basins in Western Africa.
Habitat and Ecology
Life History and Behavior
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Hemichromis fasciatus
Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.
See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.
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Download FASTA File
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Hemichromis fasciatus
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems
Hemichromis fasciatus, also called the banded jewelfish and five-spot cichlid, is a species of fish in the cichlid family. It is distributed throughout West Africa. It can also be found in the Nile Basin, Lake Chad, and the upper Zambezi. It can reach a length of 26.5 centimetres (10.4 in).
The banded jewelfish is yellow-green with a bronze iridescence and has five large, black, glossy oval patches on the side of the body. Older specimens have a brick-red dot on each scale. The mouth is large and wide. 
In the aquarium
The banded jewel fish is a very aggressive and territorial species. They do best in pairs and require a large aquarium (at least 55 gallons). The adult fish usually dig into the aquarium substrate and prefer to feed on live food, choosing large fragments of meat, water insects, and worms. Breeding is relatively easy, especially in brackish water. Up to 1000 eggs are lain on a stone. Both parents protect and accompany their offspring until the latter have reached a size of 2-3 cm (1 in).
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Hemichromis fasciatus" in FishBase. August 2013 version.
- Teugels, G.G. and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde, 2003. Cichlidae. p. 521-600. In D. Paugy, C. Lévêque and G.G Teugels (eds.) The fresh and brackish water fishes of West Africa Volume 2. Coll. faune et flore tropicales 40. Institut de recherche de développement, Paris, France, Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris, France and Musée royal de l'Afrique Central, Tervuren, Belgium, 815p.