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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

A deepwater species (Ref. 9771). Found on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154). Bony scutes reduce commercial value (Ref. 9771).
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Distribution

Indo-Pacific: Japan to the Philippines and the Arafura Sea. Also recorded from Darwin to North West Cape (Ref. 5978).
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Indo-West Pacific.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 300 mm TL
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Max. size

30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 5978))
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Diagnostic Description

Large barbels on lower jaw. Orange-reddish in life with black bands in pectoral fin and black edge on dorsal fins.
  • Richards, W.J. 1999 Triglidae. Gurnards, sea robins, armored gurnards, and armored sea robins. p. 2359-2363. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9771)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=9771&speccode=8249 External link.
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Type Information

Paratype for Gargariscus semidentatus
Catalog Number: USNM 98912
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1908
Locality: Corregidor Lt., N. 26 Degrees E., 25.50 Miles; China Sea, Vicinity Southern Luzon, Luzon, Philippines, Philippine Archipelago, South China Sea, Pacific
Depth (m): 216 to 216
Vessel: Albatross
  • Paratype:
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Type for Gargariscus semidentatus
Catalog Number: USNM 78249
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Illustration
Year Collected: 1909
Locality: Pt. Tagolo Lt., S. 83 Degrees W., 10.5 Miles; Northern Mindanao and Vicinity, Mindanao, Philippines, Pacific
Depth (m): 309 to 309
Vessel: Albatross
  • Type:
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

bathydemersal; marine; depth range ? - 304 m (Ref. 58018)
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Depth range based on 16 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 216 - 485
  Temperature range (°C): 14.028 - 14.028
  Nitrate (umol/L): 11.929 - 11.929
  Salinity (PPS): 35.145 - 35.145
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.202 - 4.202
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.885 - 0.885
  Silicate (umol/l): 4.828 - 4.828

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 216 - 485
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Gargariscus prionocephalus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 8
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of no interest
  • Richards, W.J. 1999 Triglidae. Gurnards, sea robins, armored gurnards, and armored sea robins. p. 2359-2363. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9771)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=9771&speccode=8249 External link.
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Wikipedia

Gargariscus prionocephalus

The jaggedhead gurnard, Gargariscus prionocephalus, is a species of armored searobin native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean. This species is a deep-water species found down to 304 m (997 ft) on the continental shelf. This species grows to a length of 30 cm (12 in). It is the only known member of its genus.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2012). "Gargariscus prionocephalus" in FishBase. December 2012 version.
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