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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

A deepwater species (Ref. 9771). Found on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154). Bony scutes reduce commercial value (Ref. 9771).
  • Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino 1984 The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
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Distribution

Indo-Pacific: Japan to the Philippines and the Arafura Sea. Also recorded from Darwin to North West Cape (Ref. 5978).
  • Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino 1984 The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
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Indo-West Pacific.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 300 mm TL
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Max. size

30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 5978))
  • Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. and P.J. Kailola 1984 Trawled fishes of southern Indonesia and northwestern Australia. Australian Development Assistance Bureau, Australia, Directorate General of Fishes, Indonesia, and German Agency for Technical Cooperation, Federal Republic of Germany. 407 p. (Ref. 5978)
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Diagnostic Description

Large barbels on lower jaw. Orange-reddish in life with black bands in pectoral fin and black edge on dorsal fins.
  • Richards, W.J. 1999 Triglidae. Gurnards, sea robins, armored gurnards, and armored sea robins. p. 2359-2363. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9771)
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Type Information

Paratype for Gargariscus semidentatus
Catalog Number: USNM 98912
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1908
Locality: Corregidor Lt., N. 26 Degrees E., 25.50 Miles; China Sea, Vicinity Southern Luzon, Luzon, Philippines, Philippine Archipelago, South China Sea, Pacific
Depth (m): 216 to 216
Vessel: Albatross
  • Paratype:
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Type for Gargariscus semidentatus
Catalog Number: USNM 78249
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Illustration
Year Collected: 1909
Locality: Pt. Tagolo Lt., S. 83 Degrees W., 10.5 Miles; Northern Mindanao and Vicinity, Mindanao, Philippines, Pacific
Depth (m): 309 to 309
Vessel: Albatross
  • Type:
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

bathydemersal; marine; depth range ? - 304 m (Ref. 58018)
  • Bogutskaya, N.G. 2007 Preliminary assignment of coordinates to type localities in the Catalog of Fishes. Unpublished dbf file. (Ref. 58018)
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Depth range based on 16 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 216 - 485
  Temperature range (°C): 14.028 - 14.028
  Nitrate (umol/L): 11.929 - 11.929
  Salinity (PPS): 35.145 - 35.145
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.202 - 4.202
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.885 - 0.885
  Silicate (umol/l): 4.828 - 4.828

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 216 - 485
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Gargariscus prionocephalus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 8
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of no interest
  • Richards, W.J. 1999 Triglidae. Gurnards, sea robins, armored gurnards, and armored sea robins. p. 2359-2363. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9771)
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Wikipedia

Jaggedhead gurnard

The jaggedhead gurnard, Gargariscus prionocephalus, is a species of armored searobin native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean. This species is a deep-water species found down to 304 m (997 ft) on the continental shelf. This species grows to a length of 30 cm (12 in). It is the only known member of its genus.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2012). "Gargariscus prionocephalus" in FishBase. December 2012 version.
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