Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Occurs far up rivers, but apparently reaches down to river mouths. Carnivorous, feeds on small fishes and probably crustaceans (Ref. 12225). A ripe female of 17.2 cm SL was recorded at Tucupita, Orinoco delta in Venezuela.
  • Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana 1988 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)
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Distribution

South America: drainage (Orinoco, as far up as the Rio Manacacias in Colombia, rivers of the Guianas, and Amazon at least as far up as Teffe and the Jutahi River - if specimens were identified correctly - and even as far up as the Ucayali, Huallaga and Moroña Rivers of the upper Amazon).
  • Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana 1988 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)
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Amazon and Orinoco River basins, and Guianas: Brazil, Colombia, Guyana, French Guiana, Suriname and Venezuela.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 26 - 30
  • Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana 1988 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)
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Size

Maximum size: 300 mm TL
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Max. size

30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217))
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Diagnostic Description

Snout about 3/4 eye diameter, maxilla moderate, tip pointed, reaching almost to or just beyond front margin of pre-operculum. gill rakers short and stumpy. Dorsal fin origin well behind midpoint of body; anal fin origin below first to fourth branched dorsal fin rays. Silver stripe along flank, twice eye diameter at widest, lost in fishes over 10 to 12 cm SL; curve of black dots on operculum (Ref. 189).
  • Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana 1988 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)
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Type Information

Paratype for Lycengraulis batesii
Catalog Number: USNM 118997
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Locality: Brazil: Rio Puty, Brazil, South America
  • Paratype: Hildebrand, S. F. 1943. Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection. 8 (art. 2): 151.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

pelagic; freshwater; brackish
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Depth range based on 15 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1.5 - 39

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1.5 - 39
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Lycengraulis batesii

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: subsistence fisheries
  • Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter 1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p. (Ref. 171)
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