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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Adults inhabit inshore and offshore coral reefs; also in harbors and protected outer reef slopes and current prone habitats. Form schools in harbors in depths from near surface to about 25 m (Ref. 48636). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
  • Allen, G.R. 1991 Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and Melanesia (except Fiji).
  • Allen, G.R. 1991 Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to Philippines and Vanuatu, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11 - 12; Analspines: 2; Analsoft rays: 11 - 12
  • Allen, G.R. 1975 Damselfishes of the South Seas. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey. 240 p. (Ref. 4966)
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Size

Maximum size: 70 mm SL
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Max. size

10.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 48636))
  • Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka 2001 Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 2. Fusiliers - Dragonets, Caesionidae - Callionymidae. Zoonetics, Australia. 304-622 p. (Ref. 48636)
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Diagnostic Description

Description: Indonesian fish metallic green to black with a distinctive white spot at end on dorsal fin base (Ref. 48636). Ear spot black. Caudal fin yellow, margin blackish. Sumatran variant has white caudal fin and has no tinge of yellow (Ref. 90102).
  • Allen, G.R. 1975 Damselfishes of the South Seas. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey. 240 p. (Ref. 4966)
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Description

Inhabits inshore and offshore coral reefs. Also, occurs in harbors and protected outer reef slopes.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 5 - 30 m (Ref. 4391)
  • Allen, G.R. 1986 Pomacentridae. p. 670-682. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4391)
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Depth range based on 24 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 17 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 2 - 57.9
  Temperature range (°C): 25.702 - 28.749
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.043 - 1.008
  Salinity (PPS): 32.279 - 35.264
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.427 - 4.802
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.129 - 0.350
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.900 - 4.452

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 2 - 57.9

Temperature range (°C): 25.702 - 28.749

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.043 - 1.008

Salinity (PPS): 32.279 - 35.264

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.427 - 4.802

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.129 - 0.350

Silicate (umol/l): 0.900 - 4.452
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 5 - 30m.
From 5 to 30 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Trophic Strategy

Occurs inshore (Ref. 75154).
  • Nguyen, N.T. and V.Q. Nguyen 2006 Biodiversity and living resources of the coral reef fishes in Vietnam marine waters. Science and Technology Publishing House, Hanoi. (Ref. 58534)
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
  • Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Neopomacentrus cyanomos

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 11 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CACCCTTTATCTAGTCTTCGGTGCATGAGCTGGAATAGTAGGCACGGCTTTAAGCCTTCTTATTCGGGCAGAACTAAGCCAACCAGGCGCACTCCTAGGGGACGACCAAATTTATAATGTTATTGTCACTGCACATGCTTTCGTGATGATTTTCTTTATAGTAATACCAATTCTAATTGGTGGTTTCGGGAACTGATTAGTCCCCCTTATGCTTGGCGCCCCTGACATAGCATTCCCCCGAATAAATAATATAAGCTTCTGACTTCTCCCCCCATCATTCCTACTTCTGCTCGCCTCCTCTGGAGTTGAAGCAGGGGCTGGTACAGGCTGAACTGTTTACCCCCCTCTATCCGGGAATCTCGCTCATGCAGGAGCTTCAGTTGACCTAACCATCTTCTCCCTGCACCTAGCCGGTATTTCTTCAATCCTAGGGGCAATCAACTTTATTACTACTATTATTAACATGAAACCTCCTGTAATAACTCAATACCAAACTCCTCTATTCGTCTGAGCCGTACTAATTACTGCTGTCCTCCTTCTTCTATCGCTTCCTGTGCTAGCTGCCGGCATTACCATGCTACTTACAGACCGAAATCTTAACACCACATTCTTCGACCCCGCTGGAGGAGGAGACCCGATTCTCTACCAGCATCTA
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Neopomacentrus cyanomos

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 5
Specimens with Barcodes: 12
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of no interest
  • Allen, G.R. 1986 Pomacentridae. p. 670-682. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4391)
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