Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found in shallow coastal waters as well as in protected bays and estuaries (Ref. 10198). Occurs in large schools and burrows in the sand at times to a depth of several inches.
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Distribution

occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

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National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

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Labrador to southern Delaware
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Northwest Atlantic: southern Delaware north to Labrador.
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Western Atlantic.
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Western North Atlantic: from southern Delaware north to Labrador.
  • Bigelow, H.B.and Schroeder, W.C., 1953; Nizinski, M.S., B.B. Collette and B.B. Washington, 1990; Whiteheat, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau,J.-C., Nielsen, J., Tortonese, E., 1984.
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Source: Gulf of Maine Area Census of Marine Life

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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 52 - 61; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 26 - 33; Vertebrae: 62 - 70
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Size

Maximum size: 220 mm ---
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Max. size

23.5 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 5951))
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to 22 cm TL (male/unsexed).
  • Bigelow, H.B.and Schroeder, W.C., 1953; Nizinski, M.S., B.B. Collette and B.B. Washington, 1990; Whiteheat, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau,J.-C., Nielsen, J., Tortonese, E., 1984.
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Diagnostic Description

Number of lateral plicae 106-126, with a mean of 117.4. Best separated from A. dubius by the number of plicae singly or in combination with the number of vertebrae.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat Type: Marine

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benthic
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Bottom living species found in shallow bays and protected bays and estuaries, often on or burrowing into sandy bottom; to 20 m in Gulf of Maine.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 0 - 73 m (Ref. 57178)
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Depth range based on 75 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 23 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1.5 - 205
  Temperature range (°C): 0.713 - 16.407
  Nitrate (umol/L): 1.743 - 16.048
  Salinity (PPS): 31.462 - 34.602
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.655 - 7.197
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.372 - 1.245
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.132 - 10.545

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1.5 - 205

Temperature range (°C): 0.713 - 16.407

Nitrate (umol/L): 1.743 - 16.048

Salinity (PPS): 31.462 - 34.602

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.655 - 7.197

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.372 - 1.245

Silicate (umol/l): 2.132 - 10.545
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Demersal; marine. Found in shallow coastal waters as well as in protected bays and estuaries. Occurs in large schools and burrows in the sand.
  • Bigelow, H.B.and Schroeder, W.C., 1953; Nizinski, M.S., B.B. Collette and B.B. Washington, 1990; Whiteheat, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau,J.-C., Nielsen, J., Tortonese, E., 1984.
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Migration

Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.

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Trophic Strategy

Feeds on copepods, mysids, cumaceans, amphipods, snails, small clams, isopods, small crabs and polychaete worms. Preyed upon by Atlantic cod, haddock, pollock, plaice and yellowtail flounder (Ref. 5951).
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Zooplankton and large diatoms.
  • Bigelow, H.B.and Schroeder, W.C., 1953; Nizinski, M.S., B.B. Collette and B.B. Washington, 1990; Whiteheat, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau,J.-C., Nielsen, J., Tortonese, E., 1984.
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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Diet

Feeds on copepods, mysids, amphipods, snails, clams, isopods, crabs and polychaetes
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Reproduction

Winter spawner; gravid adults occurring November-February, post-larvae February-April (North Sea).
  • Bigelow, H.B.and Schroeder, W.C., 1953; Nizinski, M.S., B.B. Collette and B.B. Washington, 1990; Whiteheat, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau,J.-C., Nielsen, J., Tortonese, E., 1984.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Ammodytes americanus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Ammodytes americanus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 5
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

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Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of potential interest
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