Northern Africa: It is present but rare in this region. It used to be caught from Lower Egyptian Nile to Luxor, now restricted to Lake Nasser (also known as Lake Nubia).
Northeast Africa: It is found in the Ghazal and Jebel systems, Sudan, as well as Baro River, Ethiopia.
Western Africa: This species is known from Chad, Niger/Bénoué, Volta, Senegal and Gambia.
Habitat and Ecology
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Hydrocynus brevis
Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.
See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.
Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.
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Download FASTA File
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Hydrocynus brevis
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems
Hydrocynus brevis, also known as the tigerfish, Nile tigerfish or Sahelian tigerfish, is a predatory freshwater fish distributed throughout Africa.
The tigerfish is silver in colour when young, with thin black horizontal stripes and an elongated body that tapers at both ends. As the fish grows, it will develop a bronze coloration and the stripes will fade. The ventral and caudal fins have a slight red-orange tint, and the adipose fin is grey to black. It grows to a length of 86 centimetres (34 in) SL.
This species has a wide distribution. It is found from Senegal to Ethiopia, throughout the Nile. In Northeast Africa it is found in the Ghazal and Jebel systems, Sudan, as well as Baro River, Ethiopia. In Western Africa it is known from Chad, Niger/Bénoué, Volta, Senegal and Gambia.
Habitat and ecology
Population and conservation status
This species is rather common over most of its range, without any known widespread threats. There is, however, a conservation policy in place in Ghana, and one potential threat is overfishing, as well as deforestation and pollution. There currently is a lack of research regarding the population of the species and its range. Habitat maintenance and restoration may also be required.
- "Hydrocynus Brevis (Gunther, 1864)." FishBase. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2013.
- "Hydrocynus Brevis." IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2013.
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