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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits reefs and rocky bottom areas to depths of at least 100 m (Ref. 4887). Pelagic and benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on fishes, squids and crustaceans (Ref. 4887). Marketed fresh (Ref. 37816).
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Distribution

Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Hawaiian Islands, north to the Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to Australia. Southeast Atlantic: Port Alfred, South Africa (Ref. 11228).
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Southeastern Atlantic: South Africa; Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to northern Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia a
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10 - 11; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 8
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Size

Maximum size: 1100 mm TL
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Max. size

110 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 5484)); max. published weight: 11.3 kg (Ref. 4887)
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Inhabits reefs and rocky bottom areas to depths of at least 100 m. Feeds on fish, squid and crustaceans (Ref. 4887). Marketed fresh.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Maxilla extending to below middle of eye; interorbital space flattened. Dorsal and anal fins without scales. Generally blue-gray or mauve to overall reddish; fins yellowish to reddish except pelvic and anal fins which are sometimes whitish; margin of maxilla black.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 100 - 330 m (Ref. 37816)
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Depth range based on 20 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 18 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 24 - 100
  Temperature range (°C): 24.485 - 28.308
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.395 - 5.255
  Salinity (PPS): 34.431 - 34.844
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.591 - 4.544
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.165 - 0.567
  Silicate (umol/l): 3.090 - 10.063

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 24 - 100

Temperature range (°C): 24.485 - 28.308

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.395 - 5.255

Salinity (PPS): 34.431 - 34.844

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.591 - 4.544

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.165 - 0.567

Silicate (umol/l): 3.090 - 10.063
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Trophic Strategy

Inhabits reefs and rocky bottom areas to depths of at least 100 m. Feeds on fishes, squids and crustaceans (Ref. 4887).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Aphareus rutilans

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 2 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNGGTGCTTGAGCCGGAATAGTAGGCACAGCCCTTAGCCTACTCATTCGGGCAGAGCTAAGCCAACCAGGCGCGCTCCTTGGAGACGACCAAATTTATAATGTAATCGTTACAGCCCACGCATTCGTAATGATTTTCTTTATAGTAATGCCAATTATGATTGGTGGCTTCGGGAACTGATTAATCCCCCTAATGATTGGAGCCCCTGACATGGCATTCCCTCGAATAAATAATATGAGCTTTTGACTACTACCCCCCTCTTTCCTTCTTCTCCTCGCCTCTTCTGGAGTAGAGGCCGGTGCTGGGACTGGATGGACAGTGTACCCCCCGCTAGCTGGTAATTTAGCCCATGCAGGAGCATCCGTTGATCTTACCATCTTTTCTCTTCACCTGGCAGGTGTCTCTTCAATCCTCGGGGCAATTAATTTCATCACAACCATTATTAACATGAAACCTCCCGCTATCTCCCAATACCAAACGCCCCTGTTTGTATGAGCCGTTCTAATTACCGCTGTACTGCTTCTCCTCTCACTTCCCGTCCTTGCCGCCGGAATTACAATGCTTCTCACAGACCGAAATTTAAATACTACCTTCTTTGACCCAGCAGGAGGAGGAGACCCAATTCTCTATCAACACCTCTTT
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Aphareus rutilans

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 6
Specimens with Barcodes: 16
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
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