Data about <i>Salmo salar</i>

TraitBank assembles data records from many providers. Select a row for more details about the record, or search within Salmo salar.

Distribution

Data about <i>Salmo salar</i>
Native range includes
Additional detail Arctic Sea Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Atlantic, Northeast Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Atlantic, Northwest Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Baltic Sea Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Belgium Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Belgium Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Canada Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Canada Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Czech Republic Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Denmark Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Denmark Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Estonia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Estonia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Europe Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Faroe Islands Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Faroe Islands Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Finland Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Finland Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail France Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail France Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail French Guiana Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Germany Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Germany Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Greenland Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Greenland Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Iceland Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Iceland Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Ireland Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Ireland Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Isle of Man Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Isle of Man (UK) Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Italy Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Italy Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Latvia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Latvia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Lithuania Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Lithuania Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Mediterranean and Black Sea Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Netherlands Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Netherlands Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Norway Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Norway Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Poland Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Poland Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Portugal Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Portugal Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Russian Federation Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Russian Federation Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Slovakia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Slovakia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Spain Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Spain Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Sweden Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Sweden Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Switzerland Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Ukraine Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail United Kingdom Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail United Kingdom (UK) Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail United States (USA) Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail USA Global Invasive Species Listings  
Introduced range includes
Additional detail Argentina Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Argentina Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Atlantic Ocean Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Atlantic, Southwest Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Australia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Australia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Brazil Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Canada Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Chile Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Chile Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail China Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Cyprus Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Falkland Islands (Malvinas) (sub-Antarctic) Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail French Southern Territories Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Greece Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Israel Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Korea, Republic of Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail New Zealand Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail New Zealand Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Pacific, Southeast Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Pacific, Southwest Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Singapore Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail South Africa Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Turkey Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail United States (USA) Global Invasive Species Listings  
  • Latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Latitude min
Additional detail -43.2 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 71.2 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • Longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Longitude min
Additional detail -169 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 148.62 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Salmo salar</i>
Weight
Additional detail 25.74 kg adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

Data about <i>Salmo salar</i>
Habitat
Additional detail administrative region Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail animal habitation
  • Animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail anthropogenic habitat
  • Anthropogenic habitat
    A habitat that is in or on an environmental feature or material derived from human activity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002031
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail aquatic habitat Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail bay Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail beaver dam
  • Beaver dam
    An obstruction in a stream constructed by a beaver.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000500
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail beaver pond
  • Beaver pond
    A pond that has formed as a consequence of the activities of beavers, building a beaver dam.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000270
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail canyon
  • Canyon
    Relatively narrow, deep depression with steep sides, the bottom of which generally has a continuous slope.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000169
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coastal water body
  • Coastal water body
    Coastal water is a marine water body bordering a coast.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000049
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail drainage basin
  • Drainage basin
    A regions or area bounded by drainage divides and occupied by a drainage system; specifically the tract of country that gathers water originating as precipitation and contributes it to a particular stream channel or system of channels, or to a lake, reservoir, or other body of water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000291
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail drainage basin
  • Drainage basin
    A regions or area bounded by drainage divides and occupied by a drainage system; specifically the tract of country that gathers water originating as precipitation and contributes it to a particular stream channel or system of channels, or to a lake, reservoir, or other body of water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000291
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail estuarine biome
  • Estuarine biome
    Expressions of the estuarine biome occur at wide lower courses of a rivers where they flow into a sea. Estuaries experience tidal flows and their water is a changing mixture of fresh and salt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail estuary
  • Estuary
    A semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000045
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail estuary
  • Estuary
    A semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000045
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail farm
  • Farm
    A tract of crop or grazing land, as well as the group of buildings with and often surrounding a farmhouse, including barns, sheds, and other outbuildings, used for agricultural production.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000078
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fish hatchery
  • Fish hatchery
    A facility where eggs of fish are hatched under artificial conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000295
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fresh water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fresh water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail freshwater habitat
  • Freshwater habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
IUCN  
Additional detail gravel
  • Gravel
    Gravel is an environmental material which is composed of pieces of rock that are at least two millimeters (2mm) in its largest dimension and no more than 75 millimeters.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000018
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail headwater
  • Headwater
    The upper part of a river system, denoting the upper basin and source streams of a river.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000153
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail headwater
  • Headwater
    The upper part of a river system, denoting the upper basin and source streams of a river.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000153
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail island
  • Island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail lake
  • Lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail lake
  • Lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail Large river biome Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marine biome
  • Marine biome
    An aquatic biome that comprises systems of open-ocean and unprotected coastal habitats, characterized by exposure to wave action, tidal fluctuation, and ocean currents as well as systems that largely resemble these. Water in the marine biome is generally within the salinity range of seawater: 30 to 38 ppt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000447
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marine habitat
  • Marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
IRMNG  
Additional detail marine habitat
  • Marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
IUCN  
Additional detail mediterranean sea biome
  • Mediterranean sea biome
    The mediterranean sea biome comprises mostly enclosed seas that have limited exchange of deep water with outer oceans and where the water circulation is dominated by salinity and temperature differences rather than winds.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000047
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail ocean
  • Ocean
    Continuous saline-water bodies that surround the continents and fill the Earth's great depressions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000015
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail ocean current
  • Ocean current
    The region occupied by any more or less continuous, directed movement of ocean water that flows in one of the Earth's oceans. Ocean Currents are rivers of hot or cold water within the ocean. The currents are generated from the forces acting upon the water like the earth's rotation, the wind, the temperature and salinity differences and the gravitation of the moon. The depth contours, the shoreline and other movements influence the direction and strength of the movements of water that forms a given current.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000147
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail pond
  • Pond
    A body of water, usually of smaller size than a lake.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000033
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail pond
  • Pond
    A body of water, usually of smaller size than a lake.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000033
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail populated place
  • Populated place
    Place or area with clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent human population.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000062
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail riffle
  • Riffle
    A shallow stretch of a river or stream, where the current is above the average stream velocity and where the water forms small rippled waves as a result. It often consists of a rocky bed of gravels or other small stones.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000148
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail riffle
  • Riffle
    A shallow stretch of a river or stream, where the current is above the average stream velocity and where the water forms small rippled waves as a result. It often consists of a rocky bed of gravels or other small stones.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000148
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river
  • River
    Natural freshwater surface streams of considerable volume and a permanent or seasonal flow, moving in a definite channel toward a sea, lake, or another river; any large streams, or ones larger than brooks or creeks, such as the trunk stream and larger branches of a drainage system.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000022
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail saline water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail saline water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sand
  • Sand
    A naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000017
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail soil
  • Soil
    Any material within 2 m from the Earth's surface that is in contact with the atmosphere, with the exclusion of living organisms, areas with continuous ice not covered by other material, and water bodies deeper than 2 m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001998
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail stream
  • Stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail stream
  • Stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail stream bed
  • Stream bed
    The channel bottom of a stream; the physical confine of the normal water flow.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000383
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail temperate Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial biome
  • Terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail tributary
  • Tributary
    A stream or river which flows into another river (a parent river) or body of water but which may not flow directly into the sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000495
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail tributary
  • Tributary
    A stream or river which flows into another river (a parent river) or body of water but which may not flow directly into the sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000495
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail watershed
  • Watershed
    The separation between neighbouring drainage basins (catchments). In hilly country, the divide lies along topographical peaks and ridges, but in flat country or on a high plateau (especially where the ground is marshy) the divide may be invisible - just a more or less notional line on the ground on either side of which falling raindrops will start a journey to different rivers, and even to different sides of a country or continent.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000292
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • Wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail Blue-winged Olives GloBI  
Additional detail Featherlike Diatoms GloBI  
Additional detail Leuctra GloBI  
Additional detail Mayflies GloBI  
Additional detail Micronecta poweri GloBI  
Additional detail Non-biting Midges GloBI  
Additional detail Riffle Beetles GloBI  
Additional detail Springtails GloBI  
Additional detail True Flies, Mosquitoes and Gnats GloBI  
Feeds on
Additional detail Blue-winged Olives GloBI  
Additional detail Featherlike Diatoms GloBI  
Additional detail Haptophyte Alga GloBI  
Additional detail Leuctra GloBI  
Additional detail Mayflies GloBI  
Additional detail Micronecta poweri GloBI  
Additional detail Non-biting Midges GloBI  
Additional detail Protozoa GloBI  
Additional detail Riffle Beetles GloBI  
Additional detail Springtails GloBI  
Additional detail True Flies, Mosquitoes and Gnats GloBI  
  • Has parasite
    non-mutual relationship between organisms of different species where one organism, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hasParasite
Has parasite
Additional detail Gyrodactylosis Fluke GloBI  
Additional detail Kudoa thyrsites GloBI  
Additional detail Neoparamoeba pemaquidensis GloBI  
Additional detail Neoparamoeba perurans GloBI  
Additional detail Paramoeba branchiphila GloBI  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
Interacts with
Additional detail Atlantic Salmon GloBI  
Additional detail Atlantic Salmon GloBI  
Additional detail Gyrodactylosis Fluke GloBI  
Additional detail Micronecta poweri GloBI  
Additional detail Non-biting Midges GloBI  
Additional detail Sea Lamprey GloBI  
Water depth max
Additional detail 210 m OBIS Environmental Information  
Water nitrate concentration min
Additional detail 1.69 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 13.5 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water temperature min
Additional detail -0.404 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 9.51 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
Water silicate concentration min
Additional detail 3.3 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 48.97 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail 0.35 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 1.72 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail 2.25 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 7.81 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water O2 saturation min
Additional detail 26.47 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 99.1 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
Elevation min
Additional detail 370.4 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
median Additional detail 371.7 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
mean Additional detail 371.7 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
max Additional detail 373.0 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
Water salinity max
Additional detail 34.12 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail 8.5 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Salmo salar</i>
Total life span max
Additional detail 13 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Onset of fertility
Additional detail 5.0 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Conservation

Data about <i>Salmo salar</i>
Extinction status
Additional detail extant IRMNG  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Salmo salar</i>
Conservation status
Additional detail least concern
  • Least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  

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