Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found on the continental slope (Ref. 244). Oviparous (Ref. 559). Liver has a high concentration of squalene (Ref. 559).
  • Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
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Distribution

Range Description

Northwest Pacific: East China Sea, off Japan (southeastern Honshu and Ryu-Kyu Islands) and China near Taiwan, Province of China (Compagno et al. 2005).
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Northwest Pacific: China and Japan.
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China and Japan.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 640 mm TL
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Max. size

64.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 244))
  • Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Bathydemersal deepwater species found on the upper continental to insular slopes at depths of 358–895 m (Compagno et al. 2005). Attains at least 64 cm total length (TL) (Compagno et al. 2005). Males are immature at 56 cm TL and females are immature at 59–64 cm TL (Compagno et al. 2005). Reproduction is presumably oviparous. Little else is known of the biology of the species.

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

bathydemersal; marine; depth range ? - 786 m (Ref. 244)
  • Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
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Depth: 0 - 786m.
Recorded at 786 meters.

Habitat: bathydemersal. Found on the continental slope (Ref. 244). Oviparous (Ref. 559). Liver has a high concentration of squalene (Ref. 559).
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).
  • Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
DD
Data Deficient

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2009

Assessor/s
McCormack, C.

Reviewer/s
Stevens, J.D., Valenti, S.V. & Fowler, S.L. (Shark Red List Authority)

Contributor/s

Justification
The Salamander Catshark (Parmaturus pilosus) is a little known catshark known from Japan and the East China Sea on the upper to middle continental slope from 358–895 m. Attains at least 64 cm TL. A potential bycatch of trawl fisheries operating within its range, but no details are available. Given the lack of information on the species’ biology and threats to it, the Salamander Catshark is assessed as Data Deficient and should be reassessed as more data become available.
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Population

Population
Population size is unknown. The whole genus is poorly represented in collections and is considered rare.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
Potential bycatch of deepwater trawl fisheries operating within its range, but no specific information is available.
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Data deficient (DD)
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
No conservation measures are in place at this time. Like many deepwater species, more information on the biology and ecology of the species and its importance in fisheries is required to assess the status and future conservation needs. Where taken, catches should be closely monitored to ensure that the current population is not adversely affected.

The development and implementation of management plans (national and/or regional e.g., under the FAO International Plan of Action for the Conservation and Management of Sharks: IPOA-Sharks) are required to facilitate the conservation and management of all chondrichthyan species in the region.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: subsistence fisheries
  • Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter 1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p. (Ref. 171)
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Wikipedia

Salamander shark

The salamander shark, Parmaturus pilosus, is little known catshark that inhabits a range from Japan and the East China Sea, on the upper to middle continental slope at depths of 358–895 m. Specimens of this species can attain a total length of at least 64 cm. This catshark is a potential bycatch of trawl fisheries operating within its range, but no details are available. There are high levels of squalene in this catshark's liver. The reproduction of this catshark is oviparous.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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