Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Schooling species which are concentrated on the outer part of the continental shelf (Ref. 1371). Feeds mainly on fish (herring, anchovies, lantern fishes), also on mysids, cephalopods, euphausiids and amphipods (Ref. 1371). Migrates southward in spring and summer and northward in winter (Ref. 1371). Utilized fresh, frozen and for fishmeal (Ref. 1371).
  • Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba 1990 FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
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Distribution

Southeast Pacific and Southwest Atlantic: off southern Chile and Argentina.
  • Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba 1990 FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
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Southern Chile and Argentina.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 1; Dorsal soft rays (total): 100 - 113; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 83 - 90
  • Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba 1990 FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
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Size

Maximum size: 1100 mm TL
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Max. size

115 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 7063)); max. published weight: 5,000 g (Ref. 1371)
  • Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba 1990 FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
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Diagnostic Description

Dorsal part of body purplish blue, belly silvery with a slight bluish tinge; small melanophores scattered on fin membrane of dorsal and anal fins; inside of mouth blackish (Ref. 1371).
  • Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba 1990 FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
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Ecology

Habitat

Known from seamounts and knolls
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Environment

benthopelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); marine; depth range 30 - 500 m (Ref. 1371)
  • Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba 1990 FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
  • Riede, K. 2004 Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p. (Ref. 51243)
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Depth range based on 627 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 429 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 27 - 598
  Temperature range (°C): 2.566 - 22.261
  Nitrate (umol/L): 2.475 - 29.342
  Salinity (PPS): 32.324 - 35.856
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.098 - 7.293
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.373 - 2.073
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.131 - 28.945

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 27 - 598

Temperature range (°C): 2.566 - 22.261

Nitrate (umol/L): 2.475 - 29.342

Salinity (PPS): 32.324 - 35.856

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.098 - 7.293

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.373 - 2.073

Silicate (umol/l): 1.131 - 28.945
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 30 - 500m.
From 30 to 500 meters.

Habitat: benthopelagic. Schooling species which are concentrated on the outer part of the continental shelf. Feeds mainly on fish (herring, anchovies, lantern fishes), also on mysids, cephalopods, euphausiids and amphipods.
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Migration

Oceanodromous. Migrating within oceans typically between spawning and different feeding areas, as tunas do. Migrations should be cyclical and predictable and cover more than 100 km.
  • Riede, K. 2004 Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p. (Ref. 51243)
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Trophic Strategy

Schooling species which are concentrated on the outer part of the continental shelf . Feeds mainly on fish (herring, anchovies, lantern fishes), also on mysids, cephalopods, euphausiids and amphipods. Migrates southward in spring and summer and northward in winter.
  • Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba 1990 FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Macruronus magellanicus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 25 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

TTCTMTTCT------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CCAGGCTTTGGAATAATTTCACATATTGTAGCCTACTACTCAGGTAAAAAA---GAACCATTTGGACATATAGGAATAGTGTGAGCTATAATAGCCATCGGACTCCTAGGCTTCATTGTATGAGCCCACCATATGTTTACGGTTGGGATAGACGTCGATACCCGAGCCTACTTTACATCTGCAACTATAATTATTGCCATTCCTACAGGTGTAAAAGTATTTAGCTGATTA---GCCACCCTACACGGAGGA---TCAATTAAATGAGAAACACCACTCCTATGATCCCTAGGCTTTATTTTCTTATTCACAGTCGGAGGGTTAACAGGCATTGTACTAGCTAATTCCTCACTAGACATTGTACTTCACGAT
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Macruronus magellanicus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 7
Specimens with Barcodes: 10
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: highly commercial; price category: medium; price reliability: reliable: based on ex-vessel price for this species
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 1992 FAO yearbook 1990. Fishery statistics. Catches and landings. FAO Fish. Ser. (38). FAO Stat. Ser. 70:(105):647 p. (Ref. 4931)
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