IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Comprehensive Description

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Description

  Common names: snapper (English), pargo (Espanol)
 
Lutjanus novemfasciatus Gill, 1862


Pacific dog snapper,     Pacific cubera snapper



Body oblong, snout pointed; front and rear nostrils simple holes; mouth relatively large and protractile; teeth conical to caniniform, those at front of jaws generally enlarged and fang-like; tooth patch at central roof of mouth crescent shaped; sides of roof of mouth with 1 tooth patch; tongue with 1 or more patches of granular teeth; 16-17 gill rakers; preopercle serrated, lower margin notched; dorsal rays X, 14; dorsal continuous; anal rays III, 7-8; soft dorsal and anal with rounded ends; tail with straight edge; bases of soft dorsal and anal fins scaly; scale rows on upper back rising obliquely above lateral line.

Dark olive brown to copper red on back and sides, becoming silvery white on lower sides; juveniles  and adults  with 8-9 dusky brownish bars on upper half, these sometimes obscure in large fish, which have dark fins.

Size: attains about 170 cm and 45 Kg.

Inhabits rocky reefs, usually in or near shelter during the day; feeds largely on crustaceans and fishes at night; depth range about 4-35 m; adults can penetrate as much as 20 Km up rivers.

Depth: 2-60 m.

Southern California to the Gulf of California to Peru, Galapagos, Cocos and Malpelo.
   

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© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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