DistributionRead full entry
Range DescriptionWidely but patchily distributed in warm temperate and tropical seas, but possibly absent from the eastern Pacific (Ebert 1990, Compagno et al. 2005, Compagno in prep). Records from Mauritius, Madagascar, southern Mozambique, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and the island chains, Geyser and Zelee Banks, east of Diego Suarez, Castor and Cordeliere Banks, were originally referred to as H. griseus, but Ebert (1990) re-identified these specimens as H. nakamurai.
Western Indian Ocean: off southern Africa (KwaZulu-Natal), Aldabra Island group (Aldabra, Diego Suarez, Castor and Condeliere Banks), Mauritius, Madagascar, Kenya, Geyser and Zeleé Banks (Ebert 1990). Eastern Indian: Australia (Western Australia) (Ebert 1990).
Western central Atlantic: off Florida, USA and the Bahamas, northern Cuba, Cayman and Virgin Islands, Yucatán and Gulf coast of Mexico, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Venezuela and the Guyanas (Ebert 1990). Northeast Atlantic: Gulf of Gascony and Bay of Biscay, off France, Spain and Gibraltar. It occurs from the Straits of Gibraltar to Italy in the Mediterranean Sea (Ebert 1990). Eastern central Atlantic: Morocco and possibly Ivory Coast and Nigeria (Ebert 1990).
Northwest Pacific: off Taiwan Island, Japan (including Kochi, Ogasawara Islands and Okinawa). Western central Pacific: the Philippines (Negros, possibly Luzon), Australia (Queensland), New Caledonia, French Polynesia (Tahiti) (Ebert 1990). Southwest Pacific: Australia (northern New South Wales) (Ebert 1990).