Catalog Number: USNM 94143
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): A. Rachow
Locality: Cape Lopez, Gaboon, Gabon, Africa
- Syntype: Rachow, A. 1921. Bibliothek fur Aquarien und Terrarienkunde. 16: 26.
Habitat and Ecology
Diseases and Parasites
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Aphyosemion australe
Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.
See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.
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Download FASTA File
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Aphyosemion australe
Public Records: 5
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems
Aphyosemion australe (Cape Lopez lyretail, lyretail panchax) is a species of freshwater fish belonging to the Nothobranchiidae family. It is found around Cape Lopez and in surrounding areas in Gabon.
A. australe comes in a wide range of colours. The most common are chocolate, gold, and orange. Males can reach a length of around 6 cm, with females being slightly smaller. The caudal fin is lyre-shaped, which is characteristic of the genus. The females also are less colourful; their body colouration is brownish tan, and they have rounder fins.
In the aquarium
The Cape Lopez lyretail is one of the most popular and commonly available species of killifish. It requires extremely soft water if it is to reproduce successfully. It spawns in fine-leafed water plants, such as the Water Bladderwort, or in aquatic moss in the genus Fontinalis. The fry emerge after 14 days at a preferred temperature of 26 °C (79 °F). They adapt well to any variety of commercially prepared foods, flake or frozen livefoods.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Aphyosemion australe" in FishBase. August 2013 version.
- Faith, D.P., C.A.M. Reid and J. Hunter, 2004. Integrating phylogenetic diversity, complementarity, and endemism for conservation assessment,. Conser. Biol. 18(1):255-261.