Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Feeds on worms, crustaceans and insects (Ref. 7020). Two color morphs, chocolate and gold, are in the aquarium trade (Ref. 4537). Not a seasonal killifish. Aquarium keeping: minimum aquarium size 60 cm (Ref. 51539).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Distribution

Range Description

A Lower Guinea endemic known from the mouth of the Ogowe River in northwestern Gabon, southward to the Cabinda enclave of Angola and western Congo.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Africa: Angola, Gabon, Cameroon and Congo.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 60 mm TL
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Max. size

6.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 27139))
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Type Information

Syntype for Haplochilus calliurus australis
Catalog Number: USNM 94143
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): A. Rachow
Locality: Cape Lopez, Gaboon, Gabon, Africa
  • Syntype: Rachow, A. 1921. Bibliothek fur Aquarien und Terrarienkunde. 16: 26.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Aphyosemion australe is found in coastal swamps, swampy parts of brooks, small rivers, and flooded areas in the coastal rainforest. It is a benthopelagic, non-migratory species. Aphyosemion (Mesoaphyosemion) australe feeds on worms, crustaceans and insects (Mills and Vevers 1989). Two colour morphs, chocolate and gold, are in the aquarium trade (Robins et al. 1991). It is not a seasonal killifish.

Systems
  • Freshwater
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Environment

benthopelagic; non-migratory; freshwater; pH range: 6.0 - 7.0; dH range: 5 - 12
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Diseases and Parasites

Velvet Disease 2 (Piscinoodinium sp.). Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Infectious ascites (Ornament.). Bacterial diseases
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Ichthyobodo Infection. Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Costia Disease. Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Bacterial Infections (general). Bacterial diseases
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Aphyosemion australe

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 5 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

ACCCGTTGATTTTTCTCTACCAATCATAAAGATATTGGCACCCTTTATTTAGTCTTTGGTGCTTGAGCCGGAATAGTCGGAACGGCTCTA---AGCCTTTTAATTCGGGCAGAACTCAGTCAGCCCGGTTCCCTGTTGGGAGAC---GATCAAATTTATAATGTAATCGTTACAGCACATGCATTCGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATACCAATTATAATTGGGGGTTTCGGAAACTGATTAGTTCCACTTATA---ATTGGAGCACCTGATATAGCTTTTCCTCGAATAAATAATATAAGTTTTTGACTTTTACCCCCATCCTTCCTCCTTCTCTTGGCTTCTTCAGGGGTTGAAGCAGGAGCAGGTACCGGTTGAACTGTGTATCCTCCTTTAGCAGGAAACATAGCACACGCCGGAGCATCAGTAGATTTA---ACAATTTTTTCTCTTCACTTAGCAGGAATTTCTTCAATTTTAGGTGCAATTAATTTCATTACAACTATTATTAATATAAAACCACCAGCCATTTCACAATACCAAACACCTTTATTCGTTTGAGCTGTTATAATTACAGCAGTTTTACTCCTGCTATCTCTTCCTGTGTTAGCTGCA---GGTATTACAATATTACTGACTGACCGAAATCTAAATACCACTTTTTTCGATCCTGCTGGAGGAGGTGATCCAATTCTTTACCAACACCT
-- end --

Download FASTA File
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Aphyosemion australe

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 5
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Moelants, T.

Reviewer/s
Brummett, R., Mbe Tawe, A.N., Dening Touokong, C., Reid, G.M., Snoeks, J. Staissny, M., Moelants, T., Mamonekene, V., Ndodet, B., Ifuta, S.N.B., Chilala, A., Monsembula, R., Ibala Zamba, A., Opoye Itoua, O., Pouomogne, V., Darwall, W. & Smith, K.

Contributor/s

Justification
The species is widespread within the Central Africa assessment region and is assessed as Least Concern.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Population

Population
No information available.

Population Trend
Unknown
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Threats

Major Threats
This is a commercially harvested aquarium species.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Least Concern (LC)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
None known.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Aphyosemion australe

Aphyosemion australe (Cape Lopez lyretail, lyretail panchax) is a species of freshwater fish belonging to the Nothobranchiidae family. It is found around Cape Lopez and in surrounding areas in Gabon.[1]

Appearance[edit]

A. australe comes in a wide range of colours. The most common are chocolate, gold, and orange. Males can reach a length of around 6 cm, with females being slightly smaller. The caudal fin is lyre-shaped, which is characteristic of the genus. The females also are less colourful; their body colouration is brownish tan, and they have rounder fins.[2]

In the aquarium[edit]

The Cape Lopez lyretail is one of the most popular and commonly available species of killifish. It requires extremely soft water if it is to reproduce successfully. It spawns in fine-leafed water plants, such as the Water Bladderwort, or in aquatic moss in the genus Fontinalis. The fry emerge after 14 days at a preferred temperature of 26 °C (79 °F). They adapt well to any variety of commercially prepared foods, flake or frozen livefoods.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Aphyosemion australe" in FishBase. August 2013 version.
  2. ^ http://www.irishfishkeepers.com/index.php/articles/16-breeding/124-care-and-breeding-of-aphyosemion-australe
  3. ^ Faith, D.P., C.A.M. Reid and J. Hunter, 2004. Integrating phylogenetic diversity, complementarity, and endemism for conservation assessment,. Conser. Biol. 18(1):255-261.
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!