Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Occurs in bays, lagoons and shallow coastal waters. Found on soft bottoms (Ref. 5217). Marketed fresh (Ref. 5217).
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
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Distribution

Western Atlantic: northwestern Gulf of Mexico to Brazil.
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
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Western Atlantic.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 82 - 90; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 63 - 69
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Size

Maximum size: 320 mm TL
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Max. size

32.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217))
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Diagnostic Description

Body is oval, moderately elongate. Dorsal fin originates distinctly anterior to a vertical at front of the eyes. Eyes on left side, not large, their diameter is 5 - 5.9 times the head length. The interorbital space is narrow, less than half the eye diameter. Lateral line on eyed side is not steeply arched above pectoral fin. The mouth is large extending slightly beyond the posterior margin of the eyes. Caudal fin is rounded. Color is brown with a large blotch beneath pectoral fin. The dorsal and anal fins have a row of dark spots containing pale areas,. Two spots on the dorsal and a few on the anal are large. The caudal fin has three large dark spots at the posterior border, none on center of the fin.
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Type Information

Type for Cyclopsetta chittendeni
Catalog Number: USNM 44100
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Illustration; Radiograph
Collector(s): D. Chittenden
Locality: Trinidad, W.I., Trinidad and Tobago, Caribbean Sea, Atlantic
  • Type:
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 20 - 150 m (Ref. 5217)
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Depth range based on 53 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 27 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 9.2 - 91
  Temperature range (°C): 18.956 - 27.999
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.202 - 6.390
  Salinity (PPS): 35.836 - 36.529
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.755 - 4.902
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.019 - 0.424
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.964 - 4.128

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 9.2 - 91

Temperature range (°C): 18.956 - 27.999

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.202 - 6.390

Salinity (PPS): 35.836 - 36.529

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.755 - 4.902

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.019 - 0.424

Silicate (umol/l): 0.964 - 4.128
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 20 - 150m.
From 20 to 150 meters.

Habitat: demersal. Occurs in bays, lagoons and shallow coastal waters. Regarded as most common flatfish taken by shrimp trawlers off Texan coast.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Cyclopsetta chittendeni

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 7
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; price category: very high; price reliability: unreliable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this order
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Disclaimer

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