Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

FishBase

Name Relationship
Halichoeres radiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) Preferred
Halichoeres brasiliensis (non Bloch, 1791) Misapplied name
Halichoeres irideus torquatus Parr, 1930 Synonym
Iridio elegans Bean, 1906
Julis crotaphus Cuvier, 1829
Julis cyanostigma Valenciennes, 1839
Julis opalina Valenciennes, 1839
Julis patatus Valenciennes, 1839
Labrus brasiliensis (non Bloch, 1791)
Labrus radiatus Linnaeus, 1758

Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013

Name Relationship
Halichoeres radiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) Preferred
Labrus radiatus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus brasiliensis (non Bloch, 1791)
Julis patatus Valenciennes, 1839
Julis opalina Valenciennes, 1839
Julis crotaphus Cuvier, 1829
Julis cyanostigma Valenciennes, 1839
Halichoeres brasiliensis (non Bloch, 1791)
Halichoeres irideus torquatus Parr, 1930
Iridio elegans Bean, 1906

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)

Name Relationship
Halichoeres radiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) Preferred
Labrus radiatus Linnaeus, 1758 Original name/combination
Labrus brasiliensis Bloch, 1791 Junior synonym
Julis crotaphus Cuvier, 1829
Julis cyanostigma Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1839
Julis patatus Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1839
Julis principis Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1839
Iridio elegans Bean, 1906
Halichoeres irideus Starks, 1913
Julis opalina Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1839
Halichoeres irideus torquatus Parr, 1930

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