Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Occurs in large schools on rocky and coral reefs, often under ledges or close to elkhorn coral (Ref. 9710). Juveniles abundant in near-shore seagrass beds (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on small crustaceans (Ref. 3798). Marketed fresh (Ref. 3798).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Distribution

Western Atlantic: Bermuda, South Carolina (USA), and northern Gulf of Mexico to Brazil; throughout the West Indies and the coasts of Central America (Ref. 3798).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Western Atlantic.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14 - 15; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 8
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Size

Maximum size: 300 mm TL
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Max. size

30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251))
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Diagnostic Description

Mostly yellow, paler below. Scales below lateral line in oblique rows and much larger than those above lateral line. No other grunt has enlarged scales below the lateral line (Ref. 26938).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Type Information

Type for Haemulon flavolineatum
Catalog Number: USNM 23628
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): J. Velie
Locality: Clear Water Harbor, Florida., Pinellas County, Florida, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
  • Type:
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 0 - 60 m (Ref. 36484)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Depth range based on 2641 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1835 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.275 - 45
  Temperature range (°C): 25.814 - 28.067
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.115 - 3.505
  Salinity (PPS): 34.217 - 36.613
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.257 - 4.748
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.046 - 0.290
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.805 - 5.080

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.275 - 45

Temperature range (°C): 25.814 - 28.067

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.115 - 3.505

Salinity (PPS): 34.217 - 36.613

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.257 - 4.748

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.046 - 0.290

Silicate (umol/l): 0.805 - 5.080
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Depth: 1 - 25m.
From 1 to 25 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Trophic Strategy

Occurs in large schools on rocky and coral reefs, often under ledges or close to elkhorn coral (Ref. 9710). Juveniles abundant in near-shore seagrass beds (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on small crustaceans (Ref. 3798). Mobile invertebrates feeder (Ref. 57616).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Haemulon flavolineatum

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 34
Specimens with Barcodes: 52
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Barcode data: Haemulon flavolineatum

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 27 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CTTTATCTAGTATTTGGTGCCTGGGCTGGGATAGTAGGAACAGCCCTA---AGCCTGCTCATCCGAGCAGAACTAAGCCAACCAGGCGCACTCCTGGGGGAC---GATCAGATCTATAACGTAATTGTTACTGCACATGCGTTCGTGATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATGCCAATTCTCATTGGAGGATTTGGAAACTGACTTGTCCCCCTGATG---ATCGGGGCCCCAGATATGGCATTCCCTCGCATGAACAACATGAGCTTCTGACTTCTCCCCCCTTCTTTCCTCCTCCTTCTCGCCTCTTCAGGGGTAGAAGCCGGGGCTGGTACTGGATGAACTGTATACCCCCCTTTAGCCGGAAATCTAGCACATGCCGGGGCATCCGTTGACCTC---ACAATTTTCTCCCTCCACTTAGCAGGTGTGTCATCAATCCTTGGGGCCATCAACTTCATCACAACAATTATTAACATGAAGCCCCCCGCTATCTCGCAGTACCAGACCCCACTGTTCGTATGATCCGTCCTTGTCACTGCTGTACTCCTTCTTCTGTCCCTCCCCGTTCTCGCGGCT---GGCATTACAATGCTACTTACAGACCGAAATCTGAACACCACTTTCTTCGACCCCGCCGGAGGAGGTGACCCCATTCTTTACCAACACCTG
-- end --

Download FASTA File
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Genomic DNA is available from 1 specimen with morphological vouchers housed at Biodiversity Institute of Ontario
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Ocean Genome Legacy

Source: Ocean Genome Resource

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Principal threats

Studies at the Saba Reef, one of the richest fish assemblages in the Caribbean Basin, have indicated the chief threats to the french grunt and other reef fishes are overfishing and the residual impacts of the chemical dispersant used by the USA in the aftermath of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Studies by Burke et al. suggest that concentrations of dispersant and other water pollutants are of particular concern in critical lagoon nurseries; this research implies that the toxicity of residual dispersant may be much more significant to reef fishes than the actual petroleum release of an underwater oil spill.

  • Mark McGinley. 2011. French Grunt. topic ed. C.Michael Hogan. Ed.-in-chief Cutler J.Cleveland. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and Environment. Washington DC http://www.eoearth.org/article/French_grunt
  • J.S.Burke, W.J.Kenworthy and L.L.Wood. 2009. Ontogenetic patterns of concentration indicate lagoon nurseries are essential to common grunts stocks in a Puerto Rican bay. Worldwide Science.org
  • Jeffrey T. Williams, Kent E. Carpenter, James L. Van Tassell, Paul Hoetjes, Wes Toller, Peter Etnoyer, Michael Smith. 2010. Biodiversity Assessment of the Fishes of Saba Bank Atoll, Netherlands Antilles. PloS One. 5(5): e10676.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Encyclopedia of Earth

Supplier: C. Michael Hogan

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial; aquarium: public aquariums; bait: usually
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Haemulon flavolineatum

Haemulon flavolineatum, the French grunt, is a species of grunt native to the western Atlantic Ocean from South Carolina and Bermuda to Brazil as well as the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. The French grunt travels in schools among coral and rocky reefs where it occurs at depths of from 0 to 60 metres (0 to 200 ft). Their bodies are yellow with horizontal silver stripes running the length of, and diagonally-oriented stripes below the lateral line of their bodies. All of the fins are yellow. This species can reach a length of 30 centimetres (12 in) TL though most do not exceed 17 centimetres (6.7 in). This species is important to local commercial fisheries and are popular in public aquariums.[1]

French grunts feed on invertebrates, such as krill. They tend to hunt in schools around sunset.

The sounds they make when grinding their teeth earned them their common name. They use their swim bladders to amplify this sound.

Parasites[edit]

References[edit]

Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!