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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found over the continental shelf and slope (Ref. 9563).
  • May, J.L. and J.G.H. Maxwell 1986 Trawl fish from temperate waters of Australia. CSIRO Division of Fisheries Research, Tasmania. 492 p. (Ref. 9563)
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Distribution

Western Pacific: southern Japan (Ref. 559) to Australia (New South Wales, South Australia, and Tasmania) and New Zealand (Ref. 5755). Southeast Atlantic: south coast of South Africa (Ref. 11228). Also found in Southwestern Atlantic: Argentine (Ref. 49964).
  • May, J.L. and J.G.H. Maxwell 1986 Trawl fish from temperate waters of Australia. CSIRO Division of Fisheries Research, Tasmania. 492 p. (Ref. 9563)
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Southwestern Atlantic and Indo-West Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 13 - 14
  • Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino 1984 The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
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Size

Maximum size: 350 mm SL
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Max. size

35.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 559))
  • Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino 1984 The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
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Diagnostic Description

Body covered with prickles (Ref. 559).
  • Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino 1984 The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
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Ecology

Habitat

Known from seamounts and knolls
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
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Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 10 - 360 m (Ref. 33352)
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Depth range based on 7 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 5 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 665
  Temperature range (°C): 7.402 - 18.283
  Nitrate (umol/L): 1.945 - 28.602
  Salinity (PPS): 34.547 - 35.574
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.377 - 5.625
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.275 - 1.499
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.040 - 13.422

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 665

Temperature range (°C): 7.402 - 18.283

Nitrate (umol/L): 1.945 - 28.602

Salinity (PPS): 34.547 - 35.574

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.377 - 5.625

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.275 - 1.499

Silicate (umol/l): 1.040 - 13.422
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 10 - 180m.
From 10 to 180 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Arothron firmamentum

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 2 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

ACACGCTGATTTTTCTCAACCAACCATAAAGATATCGGCACCCTCTACCTAGTATTTGGTGCCTGAGCCGGAATAGTAGGAACGGCCCTT---AGCCTCCTCATTCGGGCTGAACTCAGCCAACCAGGCGCACTCCTGGGCGAC---GATCAGATTTATAATGTAATCGTCACGGCCCACGCATTTGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATACCAATCATGATTGGTGGCTTCGGGAACTGACTAATCCCACTTATG---ATCGGAGCCCCTGACATAGCATTCCCTCGGATGAACAACATAAGCTTTTGACTTCTTCCCCCTTCTTTTCTCCTCCTCTTAGCATCCTCTGGTGTAGAAGCAGGGGCTGGTACAGGTTGAACCGTTTACCCGCCACTAGCGGGCAATTTAGCCCACGCAGGAGCATCCGTCGATCTT---ACCATTTTCTCCCTCCACCTAGCAGGTGTCTCATCAATCCTCGGCGCCATTAACTTCATCACTACAATTATTAACATGAAACCCCCAGCCATTTCTCAGTACCAAACACCCCTATTCGTGTGAGCCGTCTTAATTACCGCCGTCCTCCTACTACTATCCCTGCCAGTCCTCGCAGCG---GGAATCACAATGCTCCTCACAGACCGAAACCTAAACACCACCTTCTTCGACCCTGCAGGCGGAGGAGACCCAATCCTCTACCAACACTTATTCTGATTCTTTGGCCACCCAGAGGTGTATATTCTCATCCTGCCAGGCTTTGGGATAATCTCTCATATCGTAGCCTACTACGCCGGTAAAAAA---GAACCATTCGGCTACATGGGCATGGTGTGAGCCATGATGGCCATCGGCCTCCTAGGCTTTATCGTATGGGCCCACCACATGTTCACAGTAGGGATGGATGTTGACACCCGAGCTTACTTTACATCTGCCACAATAATCATTGCCATCCCCACTGGTGTAAAAGTATTCAGCTGATTA---GCCACC
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Arothron firmamentum

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 7
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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