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BiologyAdults apparently prefer broken rocky reefs, rich in 'coral' and other invertebrate life. Reported to be frequently found over rocky places, especially narrow channels between two cliffs in fjords of New Zealand. May spawn closer to shore (Ref. 9563) but probably in areas of deeper waters, otherwise they seem to migrate offshore to spawn (Ref. 85801). Collected by bottom trawls, dropline, and rod and line (Ref. 76767). In Australia, adults are found over rocky reefs at depths from 5 to 300 m (Ref. 53584).