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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Adults apparently prefer broken rocky reefs, rich in 'coral' and other invertebrate life. Reported to be frequently found over rocky places, especially narrow channels between two cliffs in fjords of New Zealand. May spawn closer to shore (Ref. 9563) but probably in areas of deeper waters, otherwise they seem to migrate offshore to spawn (Ref. 85801). Collected by bottom trawls, dropline, and rod and line (Ref. 76767). In Australia, adults are found over rocky reefs at depths from 5 to 300 m (Ref. 53584).
  • Roberts, C.D. 2003 A new species of trumpeter (Teleostei; Percomorpha; Latridae) from the central South Pacific Ocean, with a taxonomic review of the striped trumpeter Latris lineata. J. R. Soc. N. Z. 33(4):731-754. (Ref. 76767)
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Distribution

Southern Hemisphere: Atlantic Ocean (from Tristan da Cunha and Gough I.); Indian Ocean (Walter Shoals and Saint Paul's I. and Amsterdam Is., Western Australia, across South Australia to southern New South Wales and Tasmania; Pacific Ocean (New Zealand, Bay of Plenty, east to the Chatham Is, and south to the Snares Is. and the subantarctic Auckland Is.). Latris hecateia has been listed in Chile, but records are questionable (Ref. 76767).
  • Roberts, C.D. 2003 A new species of trumpeter (Teleostei; Percomorpha; Latridae) from the central South Pacific Ocean, with a taxonomic review of the striped trumpeter Latris lineata. J. R. Soc. N. Z. 33(4):731-754. (Ref. 76767)
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Widespread in the Southern Hemisphere, except southern Africa.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 17 - 19; Dorsal soft rays (total): 338; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 26 - 30; Vertebrae: 37
  • Roberts, C.D. 2003 A new species of trumpeter (Teleostei; Percomorpha; Latridae) from the central South Pacific Ocean, with a taxonomic review of the striped trumpeter Latris lineata. J. R. Soc. N. Z. 33(4):731-754. (Ref. 76767)
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Size

Maximum size: 1200 mm TL
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Max. size

120 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9563)); max. published weight: 25.0 kg (Ref. 26433); max. reported age: 43 years (Ref. 53584)
  • May, J.L. and J.G.H. Maxwell 1986 Trawl fish from temperate waters of Australia. CSIRO Division of Fisheries Research, Tasmania. 492 p. (Ref. 9563)
  • Ruwald, F.P., L.D. Searle and L.A. Oates 1991 A preliminary invetigations into the spawning and larval rearing of striped trumpeter, Latris lineata. Department of Primary Industry, Tasmania, Division of Sea Fisheries, Sea Fisheries Research Laboratories-Crayfish Point. Technical Report 44. 17 p. (Ref. 26433)
  • Tracey, S.R. and L.M. Jeremy 2005 Age validation, growth modeling, and mortality estimates for striped trumpeter (Latris lineata) from southeastern Australia: making the most of patchy data. Fish. Bull. 103:169-182. (Ref. 53584)
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Diagnostic Description

This species can be distinguished from all other latrids and cheilodactylids (and most percoids) by having anal fin soft rays 26-30; vertebrae 16+21 = 37; a striped body colour pattern comprising three dark bands running longitudinally on the upper body and onto the opercular series and head, with a broader faint band on the flank and a narrow dorsal median band running along the nape and head in front of the dorsal fin (Ref. 76767).
  • Roberts, C.D. 2003 A new species of trumpeter (Teleostei; Percomorpha; Latridae) from the central South Pacific Ocean, with a taxonomic review of the striped trumpeter Latris lineata. J. R. Soc. N. Z. 33(4):731-754. (Ref. 76767)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

pelagic; marine; depth range 5 - 400 m (Ref. 76767)
  • Roberts, C.D. 2003 A new species of trumpeter (Teleostei; Percomorpha; Latridae) from the central South Pacific Ocean, with a taxonomic review of the striped trumpeter Latris lineata. J. R. Soc. N. Z. 33(4):731-754. (Ref. 76767)
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Depth range based on 115 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 76 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 8 - 273
  Temperature range (°C): 8.394 - 15.487
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.209 - 15.268
  Salinity (PPS): 34.377 - 35.518
  Oxygen (ml/l): 5.067 - 6.351
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.264 - 1.009
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.380 - 6.099

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 8 - 273

Temperature range (°C): 8.394 - 15.487

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.209 - 15.268

Salinity (PPS): 34.377 - 35.518

Oxygen (ml/l): 5.067 - 6.351

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.264 - 1.009

Silicate (umol/l): 2.380 - 6.099
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 50 - 300m.
From 50 to 300 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
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Trophic Strategy

Found on the continental shelf and continental slope (Ref. 75154).
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Females are multiple spawners with group synchronous oocyte development (Ref. 95206).
  • Morehead, D.T., N.W. pankhurst and A.J. Ritar 1998 Effect of treatment with LHRH analogue on oocyte maturation, plasma sex steroid levels and egg production in female striped trumpeter Latris lineata (Latrididae). Aquaculture 169:315-331. (Ref. 95206)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Latris lineata

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 9
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: experimental
  • May, J.L. and J.G.H. Maxwell 1986 Trawl fish from temperate waters of Australia. CSIRO Division of Fisheries Research, Tasmania. 492 p. (Ref. 9563)
  • Bransden, M.P., S.C. Battaglene, R.M. Goldsmid, G.A. Dunstan and P.D. Nichols 2007 Broodstock condition, egg morphology and lipid content and composition during the spawning season of captive striped trumpeter, Latris lineata. Aquaculture 268:2-12. (Ref. 93964)
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