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| Common names: sand-perch (English), serrano (Espanol), menta (Espanol), camotillo (Espanol) |
Diplectrum macropoma (Günther, 1864)
Mexican sand-perch, Pygmy sand-perch, Big-scale sand-perch, Barred sand-perch
Elongate, slender; head small, pointed; angle of preoperculum a wide, angular bony spur with 8-13 long spines, width of spur > height of rest of rear border of preopercle; gill rakers 17-24 (usually 18-22); dorsal rays X, 11-13; anal rays III, 7; pectoral rays 16-18 (usually 17); snout and between eyes scaleless; scales moderately small, rough; pored lateral-line scales 44-51; 7-10 vertical rows of scales on cheek; midlateral scale rows 48-63; predorsal scales 10-18.
Pale copper to light brown on upper half, white below; body with two rows of thin dark bars on side; a yellow bar under eye; inside operculum black and yellow; a row of orange-brown spots along middle of soft dorsal fin; an oval blackish blotch at base of caudal fin; pectoral and pelvic fins pale orange to reddish orange; upper lobe of tail fin bright reddish orange.
Maximum size, 24 cm.
Inhabits open mud or sand bottoms.
Depth: 10-134 m.
Lower Baja California and the Gulf to Peru, including the Galapagos.