IUCN threat status:

Vulnerable (VU)

Comprehensive Description

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Description

  Common names: wrasse (English), señorita (Espanol)
 
Halichoeres adustus (Gilbert, 1890)


Black wrasse



Elongate, compressed; enlarged canine teeth at front of both jaws (1 pair above, 2 pairs below), a canine at rear of top jaws; dorsal fin IX, 11; anal rays III, 12; pectoral rays 12; lateral line unbroken, but abruptly bent down under rear of dorsal fin, its tubes branched, except those on tail base; lateral line with 27 pored scales.


IP:  dark grey-brown, nearly blackish except lighter on head and breast; head and body with numerous small blue or white spots arranged in longitudinal rows; tail fin with broad white posterior marking; TP:  uniformly dark brown or blackish with narrow bluish margin on median fins; juveniles similar to IP except a white bar at level of posterior part of pectoral fin, a white-edged black spot on middle of dorsal fin, and several large white blotches scattered on side.

Size: reaches at least 12.5 cm.

Habitat: common on rocky reefs.

Depth: 0-5 m.

The Revillagigedos, Isla del Coco and the Galapagos, also the Tres Marias Islands in the SE Gulf of California, vagrants at Cabo San Lucas, Costa Rica and Colombia.
   

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© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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