Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

  Common names: mojarra (English), mojarra (Espanol), palmito (Espanol)
 
Eugerres lineatus (Humboldt in Humboldt & Valenciennes, 1821)

Streaked mojarra

Body high, rhomboidal (height ~ 50% of SL), compressed; upper head profile steep, ~ straight; lower profile of head distinctively concave; mouth highly extensible, pointing downward when protruded; 11-12 lower gill rakers; lower border of preopercle serrated; bone under front of eye with serrated border; teeth inside throat all pointed; dorsal fin IX, 10, elevated at front,  2nd  spine longer than distance between tip of snout and rear of eye; anal fin III, 8, 2nd  anal spine thick, long, a little longer than 2nd  dorsal spine; pectoral length ~ equal head length, reaches to tips of pelvics but not to anus; tail forked; scales large, conspicuous and finely rough, covering most of head and body; dorsal and anal fins fold into a high scaly sheath along their bases.

Body silver, darker on back; thin dark lines along scale rows very evident on upper 1/2 of body; fins dark, spiny dorsal with thin black margin; inside pectoral base dark.

        Size: 26 cm.

Habitat: in shallow coastal areas and lagoons.

Depth: 0-30 m?

        Southern Baja and the lower Gulf of California to Ecuador and the Galapagos.
   
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Biology

Inhabits coastal waters and lagoons. Feeds on small benthic invertebrates, algae and occasionally small fish (Ref. 9303).
  • Bussing, W.A. 1995 Gerreidae. Mojarras. p. 1114-1128. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9303)
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Distribution

Range Description

This species is endemic to the Eastern Pacific, and is found from southern Baja California and the mouth of the Gulf of California, Mexico to Ecuador, including the Galapagos Islands.
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Zoogeography

See Map (including site records) of Distribution in the Tropical Eastern Pacific 
 
Global Endemism: All species, East Pacific endemic, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic

Regional Endemism: All species, TEP endemic, Continent + Island (s), Continent, Island (s)

Residency: Resident

Climate Zone: Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap), Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos), Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
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Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Colombia.
  • Bussing, W.A. 1995 Gerreidae. Mojarras. p. 1114-1128. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9303)
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Eastern Pacific: Mexico to Panama.
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Depth

Depth Range (m): 0 (G) - 30 (G)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Size

Length max (cm): 26.0 (S)
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Size

Maximum size: 180 mm SL
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Max. size

18.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9303))
  • Bussing, W.A. 1995 Gerreidae. Mojarras. p. 1114-1128. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9303)
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This demersal species is found in shallow coastal areas and lagoons, including estuaries. It feeds on small benthic invertebrates, algae and occasionally small fish (Bussing 1995).

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

benthopelagic; marine
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Depth range based on 3 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1 - 6.5

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1 - 6.5
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Salinity: Marine, Brackish

Inshore/Offshore: Inshore, Inshore Only

Water Column Position: Bottom, Bottom only

Habitat: Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove), Soft bottom only, Mud, Sand & gravel, Estuary

FishBase Habitat: Bentho-Pelagic
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Trophic Strategy

Feeding

Feeding Group: Carnivore

Diet: benthic microalgae, mobile benthic worms, mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs), mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves, bony fishes
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Life History and Behavior

Reproduction

Egg Type: Pelagic, Pelagic larva
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Eugerres lineatus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Eugerres lineatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Espinosa, H.

Reviewer/s
Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B. & Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is widespread in the Eastern Pacific, and is common in at least part of its range. There are no known major threats to this species, and no current indication of population decline. It is listed as Least Concern.
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IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed

CITES: Not listed
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Population

Population
This species is common in coastal lagoons along the Pacific coast of Mexico.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no major threats known for this species.
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Least Concern (LC)
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known conservation measures for this species. However, this species' distribution falls partially into a number of Marine Protected Areas in the Eastern Pacific region (WDPA 2006).
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