Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

  Common names: mojarra (English), mojarra (Espanol), palmito (Espanol)
 
Eugerres brevimanus (Günther, 1864)

Short-fin mojarra



Body moderately deep (depth 40-45% of SL),  compressed; upper head profile convex; lips noticeably swollen; lower profile of head distinctively concave; mouth highly extensible, pointing downward when protruded; 10-12 lower gill rakers; lower border of preopercle serrated; bone under front of eye with serrated border; teeth inside throat all pointed; dorsal fin IX, 9-10, elevated at front,  2nd  spine longer than distance between tip of snout and rear of eye; anal fin III, 8, second spine much enlarged, thick and robust, but not longer than 2nd  dorsal spine; pectoral short, not reaching past pelvics; tail forked; scales large, conspicuous and finely rough, covering most of head and body; dorsal and anal fins fold into a high scaly sheath along their bases.


Silvery white with narrow dark lines corresponding with longitudinal scale rows; pectoral, pelvic, and anal fins yellowish.

Maximum size about 28 cm.

Inhabits sand, mud, and rubble bottoms of coastal waters.

Depth: 0-30 m.

Central Mexico to Panama.
   
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Biology

Inhabits coastal waters and lagoons (Ref. 9303); on muddy or sandy bottoms to depths of 30 m and penetrates freshwater habitats in Mexico and Central America (Ref. 94655).
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Distribution

Depth

Depth Range (m): 0 (G) - 30 (G)
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Zoogeography

See Map (including site records) of Distribution in the Tropical Eastern Pacific 
 
Global Endemism: All species, East Pacific endemic, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic

Regional Endemism: All species, TEP endemic, Continental TEP endemic, Mexican + Panamic provinces endemic, Continent, Continent only

Residency: Resident

Climate Zone: Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos), Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
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Eastern Central Pacific: Mexico to northern Peru.
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Eastern Pacific: Mexico to southern Panama.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Size

Length max (cm): 28.0 (S)
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Dorsal spines (total): 10 - 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9 - 10; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 8
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Size

Max. size

28.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 11482))
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Maximum size: 190 mm SL
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Diagnostic Description

This species is distinguished by having the following characters: pectoral fins short, usually reaching the vent, but not extending to the anal fin origin; upper and lower lips enlarged; 38-41 (mode 40) pored lateral-line scales; 12-13 (mode 12) gill rakers on the lower limb of the first branchial arch; 2nd anal spine when depressed extends to base of last anal ray or half the length of the caudal peduncle (Ref. 94655).
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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 3 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.2 - 1.5

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.2 - 1.5
 
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Salinity: Marine, Brackish, Freshwater

Inshore/Offshore: Inshore, Inshore Only

Water Column Position: Bottom, Bottom only

Habitat: Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove), Soft bottom only, Mud, Sand & gravel, Beach, Estuary, Freshwater

FishBase Habitat: Bentho-Pelagic
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Environment

benthopelagic; freshwater; brackish; marine
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Depth range based on 3 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.2 - 1.5

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.2 - 1.5
 
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Trophic Strategy

Feeding

Feeding Group: Carnivore

Diet: mobile benthic worms, mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs), mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
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Life History and Behavior

Reproduction

Egg Type: Pelagic, Pelagic larva
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed

CITES: Not listed
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Threats

Least Concern (LC)
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