Comprehensive DescriptionRead full entry
| Common names: flounder (English), lenguado (Espanol) |
Bothus leopardinus (Günther, 1862)
Pacific leopard flounder
Body deep (56-67% of SL); eyes on left side of head; snout profile with or without distinct notch; distance between eyes equal to or more than eye diameter; lower eye well before top eye; mouth moderate to small; a rounded stout spine before lower eye; teeth small, on both sides of both jaws; 17-18 short, stubby gill rakers; dorsal fin origin well before top eye; dorsal rays 86-92; anal rays 64-70; eye side pectoral larger than blind side fin; eye side pelvic with origin under lower eye, and much longer base than fin of blind side; lateral line on eye side only, with distinct arch over eye side pectoral fin; scales small, on eye side smooth on center of body, rough on remainder, smooth on blind side; lateral-line scales 75-80.
Pale to dark brown; with numerous star shaped pale blotches (often blue), some with dark centers grouped in circles; a black blotch inside mouth, visible through skin under lower eye.
Size: reaches at least 20 cm.
Inhabits flat sandy bottoms.
Depth: 1-120 m.
Southern Baja and the lower ¾ of the Gulf of California to Peru, and all the oceanic islands except Clipperton.