| Common names: puffer (English), tamboril (Espanol) |
Sphoeroides angusticeps (Jenyns, 1842)
Narrow-headed puffer, Skin-flap puffer, Concave puffer
Body relatively elongate, the depth ~ 29% of SL; head large, blunt; narrow (14-22% of snout length) and concave between eyes; snout short; nasal organ a short papilla with 2 small holes at end; eyes large, high on sides of head, raised above head profile; jaws are a strong beak composed of 4 fused heavy powerful teeth with a central suture on each jaw; a slit-like gill opening in front of the pectoral fin base; a single short- based dorsal fin at rear of body; a similar-shaped anal fin with origin under or behind last few dorsal rays; dorsal rays 7-8, anal rays 7; no pelvic fins; no spines in the fins; tail fin bluntly convex, with 10 main rays; tough scaleless skin, most of body without small spinules, a pair of small black skin flaps straddling midline of back, just behind level of gill opening .
Tan to light brown with pale mottlings, white on belly; iris and fins yellowish, basal portion of dorsal fin usually brown; skin flaps on back black.
Size: attains 25 cm.
Habitat: usually encountered near the bottom in sandy areas.
Depth: 5-20 m.
Galapagos, with strays to Cocos and the coast of Ecuador,
Global Endemism: All species, East Pacific endemic, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism: All species, TEP endemic, TEP oceanic island (s) endemic, Galapagos Islands endemic, Continent + Island (s), Continent, Island (s) only
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo), South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
Inshore/Offshore: Inshore, Inshore Only
Water Column Position: Bottom, Bottom only
Habitat: Reef (rock &/or coral), Rocks, Reef and soft bottom, Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom), Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove), Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated
Habitat and Ecology
Depth range (m): 8 - 8
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
From 5 to 18 meters.
Diet: mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs), mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves, octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Life History and Behavior
CITES: Not listed
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria